Foundations Period Notes (2)

Foundations Period Notes (2) - I. Leftovers 1) Ashurbanipal...

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I. Leftovers 1) Ashurbanipal Neo-Assyrian king He established the 1 st systematically organized library in the middle east: it is known as the library of Ashurbanipal and a part of it still exists in Nineveh The library of Ashurbanipal existed for centuries even before the library of Alexandria It held thousands of clay tablets containing ancient writings II. Transitional Stages -by 2,000 BCE the middle east, Americas,& east Asia had already gone from agricultural communities to civilizations, by then all had developed trade routes to enriched economies; however, the middle east had developed a broader more intense web of interactions. 1) Late Bronze Age (1700-1100 BCE) The late bronze age was characterized by an early version of cosmopolitanism or the shared cultures and lifestyles that result when different groups are in regular contact Such as the: Egyptians, Mesopotamians, Hittites, Nubians, and Mycenaeans. 2) Nubians (southern Egypt) They were a great civilization Nubian civilization played an important part in the commercial world of ancient times During most of this era it was dominated by Egypt but in the 1 st millennia BCE Egypt weathered and the Nubians came into control of Egypt. 3) Mycenaeans It was an advanced civilization that developed on the island of Crete just south of the Aegean Sea. The people were a nomadic people called Minoans named after their king, Minos, and they were followed by the Mycenaeans. Originally from the Baltic peninsula or Greek mainland They were warlike and aggressive and they controlled trade across the Aegean Sea and came to dominate the area by the Late Bronze Age (1700-1100 BCE).
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4) Transition Around 1200 BCE many of the old cultural centers of the Middle East & Mediterranean had been destroyed many of the civilizations were beginning to have problems Hittites-failed to invaders who were destroying Mediterranean Centers Egypt- invaded by sea peoples Mycenaeans-centers collapsed The cosmopolitan world of the Late Bronze Age was gone by 1 st millennia BCE Although they had grown b/c of their interconnectedness, when one fell those connections caused the fall of others like dominoes. 5) Domino Effect The collapse of trade and cultural connections that the older river valley civilizations saw around 1200BCE didn’t occur in Asia where the Zhou Dynasty remained strong or in Mesoamerica and the Andes who continued to develop. Major changes led to a new age of classical civilizations that lasted until the middle of the 1 st millennium CE There was no marker event that caused this What we do know is that by 1,000BCE clear changes were taking place. Civ. Centers were shifting from older centers to newer ones
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Foundations Period Notes (2) - I. Leftovers 1) Ashurbanipal...

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