Industry Comes of Age 1865

Industry Comes of Age 1865 - Industry Comes of Age...

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Unformatted text preview: Industry Comes of Age 1865-1900 I. The Transcontinental Railroad A. Intro The time from 1865 to 1900 would be a booming time for the USA . . . New York, Georgia and that had over a million people Why did manufacturing flourish and lead to this Second Industrial Revolution? . . . 1. We discovered new natural resources 2. Liquid capital was abundant 3. Expanding population 4. Protective tariffs 5. Emphasize on progress 6. Railroad network allowed for the revolution 7. Cheap labor 1865 there were only 35,000 miles of railroad in the US where most were east of the Mississippi By 1900 there were 192,000 miles B. The Railroads: The First Big Business I t required government subsidies. The USA did it because . . . that Pres. Cleveland put an end to it in 1887 and threw it open to all public. Postal service delivery Military Why did the government grant such loans and valuable land to these corporations? . . . C. The Union Pacific Railroad I t began in Omaha, Nebraska in 1865, and the Central Pacific Railroad began in California from Sacramento, eastward. D. The completion of the transcontinental line . . . Ogden, Utah in 1869 E. Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt, . . . created tracks from New York Central to the Midwest . . . Also, he would start using steel rails in the 1870s which would change the RR industry F. In the Southwest, Jay Gould was the dominant builder. G. Because of railroads . . . In 1883, the time zones as we know them today came into existence. H. 4 improvements . . . Standard track gauge . . . and the use of steel instead of iron made it safer and able to bear heavier loads. . . the Westinghouse air brake . . . early 1870s, and George Pullman invented the Sleeping Car . . . g. This all, for the first time, led to a t ruly United States . . . I I. Corruption and the Rail Barons A. Stock watering . . B. The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887. I t prohibited rebates (secret reductions to large shippers) and pools and required the railroads to publish their rates openly, and it set up the Interstate Commerce Commission to administer and enforce the new legislations. . . . C. This was the first attempt by Washington to regulate business in the interest of society at large, . . . I I. American Ingenuity A. Alexander Graham Bell In 1876 . . . By 1900 there were almost 800,000 telephones in the USA . . . The American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) a consolidation of over 100 local systems, dominated the business. B. Thomas Alva Edison Edison (1847-1931), the Wizard of Menlo Park, . . .invention factory in New Jersey . . . the phonograph, the mimeograph, the Dictaphone, and the moving picture, and the incandescent lamp, or the electric light bulb in 1879 . . ....
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course HISTORY GEA2000 taught by Professor Mr.adesina during the Spring '11 term at Broward College.

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Industry Comes of Age 1865 - Industry Comes of Age...

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