Present Period, Modern Epoch

Present Period, - Present Period Modern Epoch Overview I Periodization A Redefinition of the west • Used to refer to Europe • Europe was a

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Unformatted text preview: Present Period, Modern Epoch Overview I. Periodization A. Redefinition of the west • Used to refer to Europe. • Europe was a major world power at the time • Europe lost power after WWII, and the US became dominant • By the 20 th c. the west had moved to the US, “western dominance” now refers to American Power. B. Increase of International Contacts • New technology= increase in international trade and communication. • Globalization begins to occur • Science and culture spreads more quickly • New international organization including: o League of Nations o The United Nations o The World Bank • Migrations in 1920 from Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean to industrial centers C. Change of Belief Systems • Non-religious philosophies became more popular • Scientific Explanations for strange occurrences o Liberalism o Nationalism o Communism • Not as many people are focused on Religion D. Democratic Transition • Few countries kept same type of government • Monarchies democratic or Authoritarian governments • Late 20 th c: Authoritarian Democracy • Western democracy used as example for most E. Systems of Inequality questioned • Widespread reforms • Civil Rights Movements in US, south Africa, and India. • Women’s rights movements- gain right to vote. F. World War I (1914-1918) • Start: o Imperialistic Foreign Policy o Archduke Ferdinand, heir to Austria- Hungary throune, is assassinated by Yugoslav nationalist • Results o Balfour Declaration of 1917- created safe haven for Jews in Palestine. Led to Israel. o 1919 Treaty of Versailles- created League of Nations and angered Germans. G. League of Nations (1919-1946) • Created: o End of WWI, to solve territorial disputes • Characteristics o Mid-1920’s- center for international activities o 42 founding members. • Ended o After WWII H. World War II (1939-1945) • Began- September 1, 1939 o Nazi Germany invades Poland o France and the British Empire declare was on Germany • Characteristics o Most widespread/ deadliest war in history o Only use of nuclear weapons. o Us Did not enter until 1941 when Japan attacked pearl Harbor • End o August 5, 1945, Japan surrendered after atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. o September 2, 1945 documents of surrender signed, war ended I. United Nations (1945- Present) • Created o End of WWII o Made to prevent wars • Characteristics o US joined o Currently 192 members • Designed for o Peacekeeping and security o Human rights and Humanitarian assistance o Social and Economic development...
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course HISTORY GEA2000 taught by Professor Mr.adesina during the Spring '11 term at Broward College.

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Present Period, - Present Period Modern Epoch Overview I Periodization A Redefinition of the west • Used to refer to Europe • Europe was a

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