Revolutions Period - 1. Abolitionists British Parliament...

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1. Abolitionists British Parliament was first, passing legislation in 1807 to end the slave trade. Other countries followed: o U.S- 1808 o France- 1814 o Netherlands- 1817 o Spain- 1845 The British even sent their navy to patrol African ports to enforce their law. Eventually Slavery was ended by all the Atlantic States by the end of the 19 th century o 1833- Britain banned slavery throughout its empire o 1865- the U.S ended slavery o 1888- Brazil was the last major American state to ban slavery Once slavery was abolished political equality did not follow immediately. Property requirements kept most former slaves from voting, and even though constitutions were changed as in the U.S.- economic, political, and social inequality continued to be issues for minorities of African background for years. Although banned the slave trade and system were not totally abolished and still practiced today. Abolitionist movements of 19 th c. put an end to extreme reliance on slave labor and set the stage for future equality movements. 2. Women’s Rights The Enlightenment philosophes focused on natural rights for men, and did not question traditional roles for women in Family and society. Early advocates like Mary Wollstonecraft emphasized importance of educating women to make them better mothers and wives. During the revolutions, women played supportive roles to men by sewing uniforms or flags and by managing affairs at home. In France the Parisian women’s “bread revolts” was an important step in the revolution.
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Under radical rule the French Republican government: o Opened public education to girls o Granted women property rights o Legalized divorce However, Napoleon reversed most of these rights. The movement persistently continued throughout 19 th century Many women who supported abolitionists cause also worked for Women’s equality, especially focusing on gaining suffrage, or the right to vote. The movement received support in Europe and North America, although very few goals were achieved until the 20 th c. During the 19 th c. some inroads were made in formal education for women, but few were allowed to work as professionals and in no countries were they allowed to vote. Abolitionists and Feminists: o Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott attended the International Anti-Slavery convention in London, England in 1840. o Stanton with her delegate husband Mott was a delegate in her own right. o The convention refused to allow them to participate in the meetings and instead required them to sit in a roped-off section away from the men’s view. o One prominent male abolitionist, William Lloyd Garrison , was offended and sat with the women. o
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Revolutions Period - 1. Abolitionists British Parliament...

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