Sands Grasslands Period

Sands Grasslands Period - Sands/Grasslands Period I....

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Unformatted text preview: Sands/Grasslands Period I. Foundations Leftovers A. Axial Age/axial period/Axis Age=600-300BCE Coined by a 20 th century German philosopher who argued that during this pivotal age the spiritual foundations of humanity were laid simultaneously and independently and these are the foundations upon which humanity still subsists today. These foundations were laid by individual thinkers within a framework of a changing social environment. B. Core-Periphery Core are the major world powers; where wealth is concentrated. Ex) Japan, United States, Periphery are those not reaping the benefits of global wealth. C. Power The ability of the state to enforce its will on other states or nations. State vs. Nation Today the Kurds are the longest nation that does not have its own state. The Palestinians also do not have their own state. Iceland and Japan are the best examples of Nation-state political boundaries matching natural boundaries. Throughout world history that great powers rise and fall; obviously, those who recover are greater than the others. Remember that the Classical period provided key cultural beliefs and patterns that were established and continued to the present I I. Islam A. The early Arabs Arabia o the size of Europe o 1/3 the size of US o Largest Peninsula Home to the Semitic peoples o Migrated to Fertile Crescent o Assyrians, Babylonians, Phoenicians, and Hebrew. B. Geography of the Saudi peninsula Desert land o Great Nufud-North Arabia White to reddish sand High banks and dunes Winter rains bring grasses o Al-Dahna-Central Arc Red sand Dunes Winter grass Summer-nothing lives o Al-Harrah-lava a fields Surrounded on 3 sides by water o Red Sea o Persian Gulf o Gulf of Adan o Indian Ocean Too narrow to affect climate Before the discovery of oil 5/6 of the population were nomadic herders. Flora and Fauna o Date palm o Frankincense tree o Sheep, goats, camels o Leopards,hyenas,wolves foxes lizards o Falcons hawks, owls, partridges, o Locusts and vipers o Horse-famous but not native Mostly uninhabitable desert and around its fringes there are scrub zones where nomadic people live herding cattle Medina and Mecca rose close to the red sea and served as organizational points for camel caravans making the long trek both ways across the desert. C. Early People Bedouin Nomads o Nomadic herders o Traded or raided for supplies o Clan was the basic social organization Each tent is a family A group of tents is clan Kindred clans make a t ribe Leader was usually eldest male called the sheikh. o Survival in the dessert depended on strong ties between family members and to be cut off from the family via expulsion literally resulted in death....
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course HISTORY GEA2000 taught by Professor Mr.adesina during the Spring '11 term at Broward College.

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Sands Grasslands Period - Sands/Grasslands Period I....

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