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Portmess Homework Q&S 74

Portmess Homework Q&S 74 - 68 ALCOHOLS AND ALKYL...

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68 ALCOHOLS AND ALKYL HALIDES Functional class name Substitutive name CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 OH n -Butyl alcohol 1-Butanol (Butyl alcohol) sec -Butyl alcohol 2-Butanol (1-Methylpropyl alcohol) Isobutyl alcohol 2-Methyl-1-propanol (2-Methylpropyl alcohol) tert -Butyl alcohol 2-Methyl-2-propanol (1,1-Dimethylethyl alcohol) 4.3 Alcohols are classi fi ed as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to the number of carbon substituents attached to the carbon that bears the hydroxyl group. 4.4 Dipole moment is the product of charge and distance. Although the electron distribution in the carbon chlorine bond is more polarized than that in the carbon bromine bond, this effect is counterbalanced by the longer carbon bromine bond distance. 4.5 All the hydrogens in dimethyl ether (CH 3 OCH 3 ) are bonded to carbon; therefore, intermolecular hydrogen bonding between dimethyl ether molecules does not take place, and its boiling point is
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