68ALCOHOLS AND ALKYL HALIDESFunctional class nameSubstitutive nameCH3CH2CH2CH2OHn-Butyl alcohol1-Butanol(Butyl alcohol)sec-Butyl alcohol2-Butanol(1-Methylpropyl alcohol)Isobutyl alcohol2-Methyl-1-propanol(2-Methylpropyl alcohol)tert-Butyl alcohol2-Methyl-2-propanol(1,1-Dimethylethyl alcohol)4.3Alcohols are classifed as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to the number of carbonsubstituents attached to the carbon that bears the hydroxyl group.4.4Dipole moment is the product of charge and distance. Although the electron distribution in thecarbon–chlorine bond is more polarized than that in the carbon–bromine bond, this effect iscounterbalanced by the longer carbon–bromine bond distance.4.5All the hydrogens in dimethyl ether (CH3OCH3) are bonded to carbon; therefore, intermolecularhydrogen bonding between dimethyl ether molecules does not take place, and its boiling point is
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