In the other isomers methyl and hydroxyl will be in a 1,2, 1,3, or 1,4 relationship and can be cis ortrans in each. We can write the preferred conformation by recognizing that the methyl group willalways be equatorial and the hydroxyl either equatorial or axial.4.25The assumption is incorrect for the 3-methylcyclohexanols.cis-3-Methylcyclohexanol is more stablethan trans-3-methylcyclohexanol because the methyl group and the hydroxyl group are both equa-torial in the cis isomer, whereas one substituent must be axial in the trans.4.26(a)The most stable conformation will be the one with all the substituents equatorial.The hydroxyl group is trans to the isopropyl group and cis to the methyl group.(b)All three substituents need not always be equatorial; instead, one or two of them may be axial.Since neomenthol is the second most stable stereoisomer, we choose the structure withoneaxialsubstituent. Furthermore, we choose the structure with the smallest substituent (the hydroxyl
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course CHM 2210 taught by Professor Reynolds during the Spring '01 term at University of Florida.