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Portmess Homework Q&S 92

Portmess Homework Q&S 92 - gives only one product...

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SELF-TEST PART A A-1. Give the correct substitutive IUPAC name for each of the following compounds: A-2. Draw the structures of the following substances: ( a ) 2-Chloro-1-iodo-2-methylheptane ( b ) cis -3-Isopropylcyclohexanol A-3. Give both a functional class and a substitutive IUPAC name for each of the following compounds: A-4. What are the structures of the conjugate acid and the conjugate base of CH 3 OH? A-5. Supply the missing component for each of the following reactions: A-6. ( a ) Write the products of the acid base reaction that follows, and identify the stronger acid and base and the conjugate of each. Will the equilibrium lie to the left ( K 1) or to the right ( K 1)? The approximate p K a of NH 3 is 36; that of CH 3 CH 2 OH is 16. ( b ) Draw a representation of the transition state of the elementary step of the reaction in part ( a ). A-7. ( a ) How many different free radicals can possibly be produced in the reaction between chlorine atoms and 2,4-dimethylpentane? ( b ) Write their structures. ( c ) Which is the most stable? Which is the least stable? A-8. Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction of chlorine with the pentane isomer that
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Unformatted text preview: gives only one product on monochlorination. A-9. Write the propagation steps for the light-initiated reaction of bromine with methylcyclo-hexane. A-10. Using the data in Table B-1 of this Study Guide, calculate the heat of reaction ( ± H ° ) for the light-initiated reaction of bromine (Br 2 ) with 2-methylpropane to give 2-bromo-2-methylpropane and hydrogen bromide. A-11. ( a ) Write out each of the elementary steps in the reaction of tert-butyl alcohol with hydrogen bromide. Use curved arrows to show electron movement in each step. ( b ) Draw the structure of the transition state representing the unimolecular dissociation of the alkyloxonium ion in the preceding reaction. CH 3 CH 2 O 2 NH 3 1 ( a ) CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 OH ? SOCl 2 ( b ) ? CH 3 CH 2 C(CH 3 ) 2 HBr Br OH Cl ( a ) ( b ) CH 3 Br ( a ) ( b ) CH 3 CH 2 CHCH 2 CHCH 3 CH 2 OH CH 2 CH 3 86 ALCOHOLS AND ALKYL HALIDES...
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