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COM 5 - P inder 1 Darren Pinder COM 005 A05 Paper#1...

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Darren Pinder COM 005 A05 Paper #1 October 22, 2009 Crocodiles, Tortoises, and a Monkey An analogue is a literary work that shares motifs, characters or events with another, but is not directly derived from it. There are many analogues in the fable world. Some analogues include “The Monkey and the Crocodile” from the Panchatantra and the Jataka as well as “The Monkey and the Tortoise” from the Kalila and Dimna. Because the Panchatantra and the Kalila and Dimna are translations and the Jataka ‘s version of tale is similar, there are many common motifs, characters, and plot lines. Some of the common motifs from these stories are trickery, male friendship, as well as loyalty. Trickery, however, is the most interesting motif played out differently in each story. Whether the protagonist or the antagonist uses it, deception is portrayed as a way to escape a horrible fate or betray a friend. The analogous stories of “The Monkey and the Crocodile”, from the Panchatantra and the Jataka , and “The Monkey and the Tortoise” from the Kalila and Dimna all display the motif of trickery through the different characters and objects in order to ultimately portray the importance of cunningness in their respective societies. In all three of the above fables, there is a central object that is used as a device for trickery. The story from the Panchatantra has the monkey using a rose apple to befriend the crocodile, and then later using the fruit to save himself from being eaten. It says in the text,
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