Test 1 answers - Languages of the World 103:055 Fall 2009...

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Languages of the World 103:055 Fall 2009 Exam 1–answers Part A . True/false. Below are some statements concerning the word order correlations. Determine which are true and which are false. (4 points) a. A language with VOS word order is likely to have subordinating conjunctions that precede a subordinate clause. true b. A language with SOV word order is predicted to have adjectives that follow the noun they modify. false c. A language with OSV word order is predicted to have postpositions. true d. A language with SOV word order is likely to have question words that come at the beginning of the sentence. false e. SVO is the most common word order in the world’s languages. false f. A language with SVO order is likely to have auxiliaries that precede the verb. true g. A language with VOS order is likely to have prepositions. true h. A language with OSV word order is likely to have relative clauses that follow the noun they modify. false Part B . For each of the following sentences, determine whether or not the underlined string of words is a constituent and for each that is a constituent identify what kind of constituent it is. (10 points) 1. The kid who is crying in the corner broke the balloon animal that the clown had made . constituent, NP 2. All of the senators believed that the cause was just . constituent, VP
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Test 1 answers - Languages of the World 103:055 Fall 2009...

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