Crito study guide - philosophy by accepting this unjust...

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Cameron Hartman 9/24/09 PHIL 216—Plato’s Crito Study Guide 1. Crito argues that by Socrates staying in jail to accept his punishment, he is acting unjustly in the sense that he is accepting an injustice. Crito views that Socrates being loyal to his enemies is an injustice in itself, because he views justice as hurting those who are your enemies. Socrates, on the other hand, thinks that retaliation in any sense would be unjust. Socrates also notes that an agreement was made when the ruling was finalized, and that if he breaks this agreement, he would be committing an injustice. These two arguments are, in my view, irreconcilable. Crito’s moral assumption, as stated above, notes that one should do harm to his enemies and good to his friends in an effort to ask justly. Socrates’ moral assumption is that retaliation of any form is an injustice in itself. 2. No, he cannot claim both of those statements. If the laws are unjust, it would be just for him to escape his unjust rulings. I believe that he is breaching his
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Unformatted text preview: philosophy by accepting this unjust sentencing without any just fight. 3. I believe that issues regarding morality should be based on a consistent basis. One should maintain a consistent moral code of conduct whether it be with the state, with a friend, or even with an enemy. 4. The Law of Athens, as with any embodiment, can commit injustice. If a citizen disagrees with a law, they have the choice to move to a different land of their choosing. Socrates can overturn his unjust condemnation if he would like; however, he feels as if Athens has been quite good to him over the years, and that he would rather die than live outside the realms of Athens. 5. Socrates has not persuaded the laws to change because until this time, Socrates endorsed Athenian Law, and has been extremely loyal to it. Socrates has never acquainted himself with other laws, and he has never, with the exclusion of a few times, traveled outside of Athens....
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2011 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Hedberg during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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