DifferentialSocializtionWITHnotes1 - CHAPTER 6:...

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1 CHAPTER 6: SOCIALIZATION AND SOCIAL ROLES Differential Socialization 1 Whatever the shortcomings of Margaret Mead’s fieldwork, one thing is certain: In no society she visited were all children being raised in the same way. For example, not all Mundugumor children were expected to be equally fierce, to develop the same basic personality, or to learn the same physical and mental skills. Instead, from infancy, children are sorted out in a variety of ways and socialized in different directions because they are expected to lead different lives. Put another way, they are being groomed to fill quite different social roles. 2 Recall from Chapter 2 that a social role is a set of shared expectations about the behavior of a person occupying a particular position in a society. A role consists of a set of norms applying to a particular position, and these norms serve as a script to be followed by those people filling that position. 3 Every society can be conceived of a collection of related roles. Even simple societies have a number of different positions – son, daughter, father, mother aunt, uncle, cousin, warrior, hunter, cook, gardener, grandfather, grandmother, chief, and priest, to name but a few. Each of these positions has a unique role associated with it; the role of priest, for example, is quite different form that of hunter, although the same person may alternate between these roles. 4 Many social roles make major demands on those who fulfill them, and thus people must often undergo long and rigorous training before taking on such roles. Moreover, not just anyone is though to be eligible for any role- for example, males are not qualified to be daughters. In addition, people often aspire only to some roles and not to others. In short, people are socialized to hold certain positions
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DifferentialSocializtionWITHnotes1 - CHAPTER 6:...

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