CHAPTER 6: SOCIALIZATION AND SOCIAL ROLES
Mead’s fieldwork, one thing is certain: In no
society she visited were all children being
raised in the same way. For example, not all
Mundugumor children were expected to be
personality, or to learn the same physical and
Instead, from infancy, children
socialized in different directions because they
are expected to lead different lives.
way, they are being groomed to fill quite
different social roles.
Recall from Chapter 2 that a social role is a
set of shared expectations about the behavior of
a person occupying a particular position in a
society. A role consists of a set of norms
applying to a particular position, and these
norms serve as a script to be followed by those
people filling that position.
societies have a number of different positions –
grandfather, grandmother, chief, and priest, to
name but a
Each of these positions has a
unique role associated with it; the role of priest,
for example, is quite different form that of
hunter, although the same person may alternate
between these roles.
Many social roles make major demands on
those who fulfill them, and thus people must
often undergo long and rigorous training before
taking on such roles.
Moreover, not just
anyone is though to be eligible for any role- for
In addition, people often aspire only
to some roles and not to others.
people are socialized to hold certain positions