parental alchol involvement

parental alchol involvement - Psychology of Addictive...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Parental Alcohol Involvement and Adolescent Alcohol Expectancies Predict Alcohol Involvement in Male Adolescents James A. Cranford, Robert A. Zucker, Jennifer M. Jester, Leon I. Puttler University of Michigan Hiram E. Fitzgerald Michigan State University Current models of adolescent drinking behavior hypothesize that alcohol expectancies mediate the effects of other proximal and distal risk factors. This longitudinal study tested the hypothesis that the effects of parental alcohol involvement on their children’s drinking behavior in mid-adolescence are mediated by the children’s alcohol expectancies in early adolescence. A sample of 148 initially 9–11 year old boys and their parents from a high-risk population and a contrast group of community families completed measures of drinking behavior and alcohol expectancies over a 6-year interval. We analyzed data from middle childhood ( M age 5 10.4 years), early adolescence ( M age 5 13.5 years), and mid-adolescence ( M age 5 16.5 years). The sample was restricted only to adolescents who had begun to drink by mid-adolescence. Results from zero-inflated Poisson regression analyses showed that 1) maternal drinking during their children’s middle childhood predicted number of drinking days in middle adolescence; 2) negative and positive alcohol expectancies in early adolescence predicted odds of any intoxication in middle adolescence; and 3) paternal alcoholism during their children’s middle childhood and adolescents’ alcohol expectancies in early adolescence predicted frequency of intoxication in middle adolescence. Contrary to predictions, child alcohol expectancies did not mediate the effects of parental alcohol involvement in this high-risk sample. Different aspects of parental alcohol involvement, along with early adolescent alcohol expectancies, independently predicted adolescent drinking behavior in middle adolescence. Alternative pathways for the influence of maternal and paternal alcohol involvement and implications for expectancy models of adolescent drinking behavior were discussed. Keywords: adolescent alcohol expectancies, adolescent drinking behavior, parental drinking, parental influence. Does exposure to parental drinking influence the drinking be- havior of their children once drinking onset has occurred? If so, are the effects mediated by childhood alcohol expectancies (AEs) preceding the child’s drinking? A probabilistic-developmental model of risk (Zucker, 1994; Zucker, Fitzgerald, & Moses, 1995; the cumulation of risk factors over time for the developmental course of problem drinking, and the specification of how various risk factors work together to produce negative outcomes has been Kupfer, 2001). In this paper, we examine the longitudinal effects of parental alcohol involvement and adolescent AEs on subsequent alcohol involvement among adolescents who had begun drinking
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/21/2011 for the course MOSAIC 0852 taught by Professor Raymondhalnon during the Spring '09 term at Temple.

Page1 / 11

parental alchol involvement - Psychology of Addictive...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online