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Unformatted text preview: EARTH WATCH ALLIANCE, Environmental Conservation & Geography Students Present EARTH DAY 2007 SERVICE LEARNING ENVIROMENTAL CONSERVATION STUDENTS EARTH SCIENCE 111 FALL 2006 & SPRING 2007 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY­ GEOGRAPHY 101 STUDENT PROJECTS By Angal Thomas A ngal GEOGRAPHY 101-PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Fall GEOGRAPHY 06 06 In Gujarat, India (We t S ) s ide In Latitude: 23 N Longitude: 72 E Population (2001) : 50,596,992 Are : 196,024 km a ^2 Tim Zone: IS (Indian S e T tandard Tim ) e I t’sthem t indus os trialize s in India d tate It’s with 19.8%of thecountry'stotal indus trial output Climat eateand Natural Fe C and Nat ural Feats lim atureures Relief is low in most parts. Diverse climate conditions Seasons – winter, summer, and monsoon Seasons Moist in the southern parts due to heavy Moist monsoon season monsoon Dry in the northern part Tropic of Cancer passes through the northern Tropic border of Gujarat Has 1600km of coastline (the longest coastline of all Indian states). coastline North-east part is barren and rocky. The peninsula is highly tract with low The mountains. mountains. About 4,500,000 acres of land is under About forest. forest. Has a very rich animal life. [20,900,000 live Has stock] stock] Rural economy The Earthquake The Jan 26 2001 [8.46am] Epicenter – 23.6 North Latitude and 69.8 East Epicenter 23.6 Longitude (village called Bhuj) Longitude The Quake spread over 200kms radius and stretched The to cities that was seven hours ride. to 8.0 on a richter scale EMS-98 1 2-3 Shaking Effects Not Felt Weak 4 Largely Observed 5 Strong 6 Slightly Damaging 7 Damaging 8 Heavily Damaging 9 Destructive 10+ Very Destructive How did it happen? How Tectonic plates released pressure in the area Tectonic after a collision margin. after Collision margin – two continental plates hit Collision two into each other and begin to rub creating lots of pressure until eventually the pressure was released and it created an earthquake. released The earthquake was considered as intraplate The earthquake. earthquake. Intraplate earthquake – earthquake within Intraplate earthquake plates which occur at fault zones in the middles of the plate. middles Most of the cases, the causative fault in Most intraplate earthquake is deeply buried, and sometimes hard to be found. So, it was hard to calculate the exact seismic hazard for a given city. given Intraplate earthquake also occur in great Intraplate distance from any plate boundary. distance In conclusion, the area was not completely In prepared causing terrible devastation. prepared About 19,000 people died About 150,000 people were injured. 90% home in Bhuj was 90% destroyed. destroyed. Over a million structures were Over damaged or destroyed. damaged $5.5 billion property damaged. Earthquake Devastation Significant changes Significant Ocean parameters Surface Surface Land and ocean Atmospheric A big tentional crack (~ 30 cm deep) in a nearby field on Bhuj Salt water has come up to the surface through the crack due to liquefaction. Huge crater like openings developed near Lodai Village. There was a lot of expulsion of brackish water from these holes, which on drying has led to the formation layers of salt. IImpact on: mpacts on: Schools Hospitals Government offices Building of cooperatives Water services Roads Electricity Sanitation Apartments Animals Picture of the dried out shrubs and trees due to the intense shaking generated during the earthquake. Dextral type displacement in a bridge. Service Learning Student Projects Environmental Conservation Earth Science 111 Removal of Invasive Plant Species Plant With W.R.V. April 1, 2007 Environmental Conservation, M. Stephens By, Karen Gale It takes one person at a time to make a difference. difference. Non-native invasive (NNI) plants are exotic species Non-native that are also ecological pioneers and colonizers. They are plants that, once introduced, can quickly establish themselves in ecologically disturbed communities. Non-native invasive species typically displace native flora because they have faster growth rates, efficient dispersal mechanisms, and tolerance of a wider range of conditions. Because they are not normally found in the region where they have been introduced, nonin native invasive plants often lack natural predators and native diseases that control their populations in their native environments. Ron shows us the degradation of the under-story by humans. under-story Why Remove Exotic Invasive Species? Species? To preserve wildlife habitat. Invasive plants have become recognized in recent Invasive years as a major threat to the integrity of natural areas. Invasive species can alter natural ecological processes Invasive by reducing the interactions of many species to the interactions of only a few species. According to a 1996 report by the Nature According Conservancy, invasive species have contributed to the 42 percent population decline of threatened and endangered species in the U.S. Conserve our Planet Conserve Non-native species threaten two-thirds of Non-native endangered species world wide, and are considered by some to be second most important threat to biodiversity after habitat destruction. Vine species like English ivy and kudzu Vine shading out and pulling down trees that had stabilized steep slopes, creating an erosion problem; On our way to battle Invasive Species Species Things that further degrade natural habitat habitat Man made bridges blot out the sun inhibiting Man the growth of plant species. the Overpopulation of deer can further damage Overpopulation trees and native plant species. trees Human waste and debris also damage wildlife Human and trees. and Ron showing us causes of habitat loss. loss. Battle waged against Invasive Species Species Japanese Knotweed Japanese Honeysuckle Devil’s Rod Multi Rose Me helping to improve our environment, animal habitat and the watershed. watershed. W.R.V. planted trees W.R.V. What can we do? What Increase awareness of the problems associated Increase with non-native invasive species in your watershed; Help citizens see firsthand the impact their Help efforts can have to improve habitat in your local watershed, Encourage and empower citizens to participate Encourage in other activities aimed at improving water quality in their watershed. TRIP TO A TRANSFER TRIP STATION STATION BY: AISLING HALL Trucks Come Loaded With Trucks Material Material Trucks bring either “C&D” or “MSW” material. “C&D” or Construction and Demolition materials consist of metal, wood, concrete, sheet rock, cardboard, etc. “MSW” or Municipal Solid waste is comprised of household/commercial trash. Non­recyclable materials. Trucks Are Weighed On This Trucks Scale Scale Truck Being Weighed The Truck Empties The Material To The Be Sorted Be This Front End Loader pushes the This C&D Material Into a Pile Where It Will Be Sorted. Will Workers hand sort the C&D Workers Material For Large Re-Usable Items Items These Wooden Pallets Are These Removed From The Trash Pile To Be Re-Used. Be C&D Material Before It Is C&D Processed Processed The Material Is Taken And Put The Onto A Conveyer Belt Onto Conveyor Belt The Material Is Taken Up A The Conveyor Belt To Be Hand Sorted. Conveyor Magnets Suck Out Metal Used For Magnets Scrap Recycling Scrap Workers Hand Sorting The C&D Workers Material Material Stone Waste Is Sent Down A Chute Stone Into This Bin From The Workers Into Mixed Papers, Cardboard, And Mixed Office Paper Are Separated and Bailed. A Percentage of it gets exported to Asia. exported The Remains Of The C&D Is The Sorted Through A Trommel And The Dirt Is Sent To A Landfill. The Wood Goes Into A Shredder That Wood Chips The Wood Into Raw Mulch. Chips The Mulch Is Taken To A The Processing Plant To Be Cleaned And Dyed. And The Mulch Is Then Used In The Landscaping Landscaping The Object Of The Transfer Station The Is To Recycle & Re-Use The Maximum Amount Of Material As Product. Product. PENNYPACK PARK CLEANUP Service Learning With Wissahickon Restoration Volunteers Removing Invasive Species Wissahickon Restoration Volunteers Wissahickon Restoration Volunteers Wissahickon Restoration Volunteers Wissahickon Restoration Volunteers Wissahickon Restoration Volunteers Wissahickon Restoration Volunteers Field Trips American Museum of Natural History, New York City – Fall 2006 Smithsonian Institute National Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C – Spring 2007 Smithsonian – IMAX Theater Smithsonian – Hall of Mammals Smithsonian Museum Smithsonian Field Trip Smithsonian Field Trip American Museum of Natural History Field Trip American Museum of Natural History – Planet Earth Exhibit Orchids: Walk on the wild side. American Museum of Natural History Field Trip American Museum of Natural History Field Trip American Museum of Natural History Field Trip BEFORE AND AFTER OUR ENDANGERED FRIENDS CLASS PRESENTATIONS Environmental Conservation – EASC111 Service Learning: Growing Plants in Child Care Center Service Learning – Teaching Gardening to Children Class Presentation on Service Learning with Wissahickon Restoration Volunteers Class Presentation: Service Learning at Awbury Arboretum The Three R’s –Reduce, Reuse, Recycle! Service Learning with Pre­school Children White­tailed deer STEP IT UP PHILLY Cut Carbon Emissions STEP IT UP PHILLY Stop global warming pollution STEP IT UP PHILLY Save our Planet Earth EARTH WATCH ALLIANCE a CCP STUDENT ORGANIZATION Interested in the environment? Want to help? Exciting projects, field trips, meet new friends Next meeting: Contact: e-mail Joe Annaruma, Co-president [email protected] A special Thank You… Matthew Shupp & Office of Student Life Audio Visual Services Earth Watch Alliance Student Organization Jamie Picardy, GIS/Geography Kathy Smith, Dept. of Social Science Christine Knapp, Penn Future … Many faculty, student volunteers, and all the other inhabitants of our Planet Earth… Happy Earth Day– Now go out and do something! Upcoming Earth Watch Alliance (EWA) Activities Sunday April 22nd @3pm FREE guided bird & nature walk John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum. VEGGIE FUELED VEHICLE Talk by David Rosenstraus of Fossil Free Fuel Meet in the parking lot of the refuge in front of the Cusano Environmental Education Center 86th St. and Lindbergh Blvd in SW Philly. For more info: [email protected] May 1st Tuesday @3:30pm EWA clean-up of CCP grounds. Meet at the front of the west building @3:30 pm. ...
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