Gender Identity and Role - appearance and behaviors do not...

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Gender Identity and Role
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SOCIALIZATI ON The learning process through which human cultural traditions are passed on from one generation to the next
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GENDER GENDER IDENTITY: internalized experience of who one is as a person-- male, female, or androgynous, experienced in self awareness or behavior GENDER ROLE: the public presentation of identity to others
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Bateson, Mead, Fortune
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Mead Sex And Temperament Arapesh --both males and females gentle, responsive, and cooperative Mundugumor --both males and females violent and aggressive, seeking power and position Tchambuli woman dominant, impersonal, and managerial men less responsible and more emotionally dependent
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Sherry Ortner Female : Male:: Nature: Culture Prestige Dominance hierarchy Universalist argument
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Gender Identity Transgender anatomical sex does not match gender identity,
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Unformatted text preview: appearance and behaviors do not conform to the societal roles expected of their sex. Transsexual people who intend to live as a gender other than that assigned to them at birth, based on the appearance of their sex organs at birth. Transvestite person who dresses in the clothing of the other gender, or cross-dresses. they do not want to change their anatomical sex. Hijras Fa'afafine Samoan word which literally means "like a woman". A fa'afafine is identified as a male who takes on the identity of a female. Berdache- Wewah-Zuni Albanian Sworn Virgins women take an oath of lifelong virginity in exchange for the right to live as men http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2008/06/25/ Hijras Documentary http://www.youtube.com/w atch? v=QntUgXwzZH0&featur e=related...
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Gender Identity and Role - appearance and behaviors do not...

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