LANGUAGE - ◆ They are drinking beer ◆ They are drinking...

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LANGUAGE Diane C. Freedman
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Features of Human Language ARBITRARINESS -- SYMBOLIC DUALITY OF PATTERNING PHONEME - UNIT OF SOUND MORPHEME - UNIT OF MEANING PRODUCTIVITY UNIVERSALITY
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Phoneme A sound or a class of sounds in a particular language that does not have meaning itself but distinguishes meaning in words determined in any language through the technique of minimal pairs--two words that differ in only one sound bit pit
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Morphemes Units of meaning in a language Free - can stand along boy boy Bound - must be attached to a word ed ed
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Syntax The arrangement of words is meaningful in English. Why are these sentences different: They are drinking glasses. They are buying glasses.
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Unformatted text preview: ◆ They are drinking beer. ◆ They are drinking companions. SOCIOLINGUISTICS ■ SPEECH ACTS ■ DIALECTS DEBORAH TANNEN: "YOU JUST DON'T UNDERSTAND" RAPPORT TALK- create community cooperative overlapping REPORT TALK - manage contest MAINTAIN STATUS IN HIERARCHY Tannen-speaking styles ■ HIGH CONSIDERATENESS - priority of not imposing ■ HIGH INVOLVEMENT - enthusiastic participation SAPIR-WHORF HYPOTHESIS ■ LINGUISTIC RELATIVITY ■ categories of a language influence the perceptions of its speakers NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION ■ RAY BIRDWHISTELL -- KINESICS BODY MOVEMENT ■ ED HALL -- PROXEMICS -- SPACE ■ PAUL EKMAN -- AFFECT DISPLAY...
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LANGUAGE - ◆ They are drinking beer ◆ They are drinking...

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