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Unformatted text preview: Assimilating Ethnic Groups Race and Ethnic Relations by Joe R. Feagin and Clairece B. Feagin, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall, 1996. [PowerPoint Presentation developed by Ron L.. Shamwell, Social Sciences, Community College of Philadelphia, 1999]. Puerto Rican and Cuban Americans Two Spanish speaking countries of the Antilles--- Puerto Rico and Cuba-- have been the points of origin for two of this nation's most important Latino groups. Puerto Rico was once part of the Spanish empire, but for nearly a century has been a commonwealth within the U S empire. Today there is much debate over the political future of the island. The migration to the U.S. mainland has been most significantly influenced by the economic pull of the U.S. economy. Many Puerto Ricans return regularly to the island nation that maintains a Hey, what might we find out here! MIGRATION TO THE MAINLAND Some 2,000 Puerto Ricans lived on the mainland in 1900New York. Significant immigration to the mainland in response to unemployment and poverty on the island began in the late 1920's. Over the next two decades the number increased more than tenfold, to 887,000, which was called the "great migration." Puerto Rican communities were established in New Jersey, Connecticut, and Chicago, although the majority of new immigrants continued to settle in New York. Beginning in the mid1940's corporations sent recruiters to Puerto Rico seeking cheap labor for the booming postwar economy. Workers came to textile sweatshops in New York, steel molls in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana; foundries in Wisconsin and Illinois; and electronics industries in Illinois....
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