Magellan and Drake.edited.docx - During the 16th century,...

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During the 16th century, the circumnavigation of the world was a highly sought afteraccomplishment for the respective countries who dared to try. Spain and England were the firsttwo countries claiming this fame and fortune from the journies. Ferdinand Magellan, supportedby King Charles I with Spain, set out on a voyage in 1519 to discover a western route to theSpice Islands. Sir Frances Drake, supported by Queen Elizabeth with England, attempted thesame journey in 1577 with the intention to discover what was past the famous Strait of Magellan.The two skillful sailors had severely different experiences on their voyage, but both had the samegoal in mind: fame and revenge.Ferdinand Magellan first proposed to the King that he would set out on his voyage to discover awestern sea route to the Spice Islands, proving that they were in Spain's territory and notPortugal's. Magellan had a personal vendetta against Portugal, even though he was of Portuguesedescent. After years of sailing and serving Portugal in vastly successful voyages across theIndian Ocean, the King went against Ferdinand and sold several valuable tokens back to theenemies. This switch of allegiance from Portugal to Spain caused problems for Magellan beforeany of his ships had sailed. The head of the House of Commerce for Spain, who oversaw allSpanish explorations, hindered the expedition's proper organization, caused several delays for thevoyage. Agents of the Portuguese crown, insulted by Magellan's shift of loyalty, "also made anunsuccessful attempt to wreck the project" (CITE). The conflicts between the Portuguese andSpanish men on board would lead to several problems as Magellan embarked on his journey.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Murray
Tags
Ferdinand Magellan, Francis Drake, Magellan

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