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Kara SwindellProfessor Carter10/6/15“Autism Spectrum Disorders affect one out of every 68 children in the U.S.”. Autism Spectrum Disorder is an umbrella term used to cover a wide spectrum of disorders such as Autistic Disorder, Asperger Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, Rett Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). The symptoms can range drastically depending on the specific child and there is also no definitive cause except we know that it is genetic. In addition there are no cures to Autism Spectrum Disorders, however there are treatments that can improve the symptoms and many of those include in the classroom strategies and techniques to improve the child’s learning experience. Autism Spectrum Disorders can cause a vast array of symptoms depending upon which disorder the child has that falls under the umbrella as well as the individual child. ASD’s or Autism Spectrum Disorders influence three areas of the child’s learning, social interaction, communication and behaviors/interests. The child first starts to show symptoms at less than 12 months old but delays start to present themselves between 15 and 18 months. ASD symptoms sometimes include child’s inability to socially interact with peers or adults, rejection of physical contact, lack of eye contact, poor communication, echolalia (repetition of words), repetition of behaviors, fascination with lights or spinning/moving objects, a dislike of noises and needs routines. Asperger children will show many of the same symptoms as Autistic Disorder except delays in speech, they actually will be fluent, and instead these children will not be able to understand the intricacies of language for example, irony and humor. Asperger children will also have very high IQs but have a very difficult time understanding emotions. Childhood disintegrative disorder is similar to Autism in that they show similar behaviors but the main difference is