19 13 Oct 2010

19 13 Oct 2010 - David L Nelson and Michael M Cox LEHNINGER...

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LEHNINGER PRINCIPLES OF BIOCHEMISTRY Fifth Edition David L. Nelson and Michael M. Cox © 2008 W. H. Freeman and Company CHAPTER 7 Carbohydrates and Glycobiology
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Nomenclature Monosaccharide - 3 to 7 carbon polyalcohol with an aldehyde or ketone Disaccharide – Two monosaccharides coupled through a glycosidic bond Oligosaccharide – 2 to 20 coupled monosaccharides Polysaccharide - > 20 coupled monosaccharides Aldose – monosaccharide with an aldehyde group Hemiacetal – reaction between an alcohol and an aldehyde Ketose – monosaccharide with a ketone group Hemiketal – reaction between an alcohol and a ketone Pyranose – 6 membered ring containing one oxygen Furanose – 5 membered ring containing one oxygen Reducing sugar – aldehyde group of aldoses easily oxidize, isomerization of ketoses to aldehydes make them reducing
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Monosaccharides – aldo or keto; triose, tetrose, pentose, hexose, heptose Aldehydes = 1 st carbon, Ketones = 2 nd carbon RNA DNA
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This note was uploaded on 09/18/2011 for the course CHEM 3510 taught by Professor Mueser during the Spring '10 term at Toledo.

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19 13 Oct 2010 - David L Nelson and Michael M Cox LEHNINGER...

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