SOC333-Assignment-Wk3.edited.docx - 1 The Value of...

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1 The Value of Qualitative Research Gloria Mocharnuk Ashford University SOC 333: Research Methods Professor: Anthony Soto McGrath May 25, 2020
2 The Value of Qualitative Research To understand the researcher's role in a qualitative study, we must first understand the value of qualitative research and why and when used. Qualitative research is a valuable method of understanding people's beliefs, experiences, attitudes, behavior, and interactions ( Pathak et al., 2013). This understanding is gained through non-numerical data such as observations and the careful collection and analysis of written documentation. Qualitative research strengthens studies by involving the participants in the research. This type of research also allows participants to share their experiences and the effects, benefits, or disadvantages of the study. The participants have an active role in the study, and their relationship to the researcher is less formal than other forms of research ( Pathak et al., 2013). Due to the less formal relationship, participants can share their experience more openly and feel like they have a more active role in the study. By understanding the value of qualitative research, the researcher's role in this type of study becomes clearer and can be applied more specifically to an ethnographic approach. By understanding the qualitative approach of the ethnographic researcher Loïc Wacquant, this can be accomplished. Once we have a better understanding, we will know the role of the researcher, how does the use of a qualitative ethnographic study impact research and how Loïc Wacquant used this method to support his study. Role of the Researcher The role of the researcher in qualitative research, in general, is to collect and store data. The researcher speaks with and observes the participants. They also conduct interviews and hold focus groups. According to Creswell and Creswell (2018), the researcher's general role is to "identify reflexively their biases, values, and personal backgrounds, such as gender, history, culture, and socio-economic status that shape their interpretations formed during a study. Also,
3 gaining entry into a research site and the ethical issues that might arise". Researchers must tell their participants their role in the study as well as the type of study being used. The researcher's role in an ethnographic study is slightly different from a regular qualitative study in that the researcher immerses themselves in the study. The researcher becomes part of the research and records their own experiences as well. Ethnographic research is a popular method within the social and health sciences and is used by researchers to “learn about broad culture-sharing behavior of individual groups” (Creswell & Creswell, 2018). This design came about through the contributions of Bronislaw Malinowski, Robert Park, and Franz Boas (Jacob, 1987; Kirk & Miller, 1986 as cited by Creswell & Creswell, 2018). The researcher does a thorough study of the subjects researched. This study can include gaining cultural knowledge of the group studied. The researcher is also responsible for pointing

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