sfu323_lectnote3 - Definition: compounding LECTURE 3 FORMAL...

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1 LECTURE 3 – FORMAL OPERATIONS AND ALLOMORPHY John D. Alderete, Linguistics 323, Simon Fraser University Goals: this lecture is designed to provide additional concepts and more of a method for making observations about morphological systems. It gives a survey of the types of morphological processes found in the world’s languages, making the important distinction between concatenative and non-concatenative processes. It also gives a detailed discussion of allomorphy, the very common finding that the form of a morpheme may change in different contexts. After completing the reading and lecture, students should be able to distinguish different types of morphological processes in different languages and identify and classify allomorphy; they should be able to do problems like the Somali problem (1.) and the survey of morphological patterns in (3.) in the back of the chapter. Keywords: concatenative morphology, non-concatenative morphology, affixation, infixation, compounding; base modification/alternation, process-based morphology, reduplication, subtractive morphology; allomorphy, suppletion, conditioning of suppletion, portmanteau morphemes, zero expression, empty morphemes Reading: UM chapter 2.4 through the appendix CONCATENATIVE MORPHOLOGY Assumption: complex words are created through dynamic processes; these processes operate on a specified input and produce a specified output; morphologists do the
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This note was uploaded on 09/18/2011 for the course LING 323 taught by Professor J.alderete during the Spring '07 term at Simon Fraser.

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sfu323_lectnote3 - Definition: compounding LECTURE 3 FORMAL...

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