ANT.101, WK2, DS1, Gender and Economy

ANT.101, WK2, DS1, Gender and Economy - GenderandEconomy

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Gender and Economy 
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Using Chapters 3 and 4 of the textbook as your guide, discuss the following: The role of women in foraging and horticultural based societies How a woman’s status is impacted by her participation in food procurement How a woman’s status in these societies, compares to that of women in American society today
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GENDER AND ECONOMY T ARASHA H ICKSON -S MITH ANT. 101 WEEK 2 DISCUSSION 1 T HE R OLE OF W OMEN IN F ORAGING AND H ORTICULTURAL B ASED S OCIETIES In foraging and horticultural based societies women play an important role in the nutritional provisioning for the household and even the community. Their jobs were to be the gatherers of fruits, vegetables, herbs, and other staples used to compliment or supplement the meat hunted by the men. The hunting and gathering structure depended on whether the environment in which the tribe or band was located was marginal or not. In a marginal environment hunting for meat was only seasonal or occasional, therefore their main source of food, on a continuous basis was, that of the gardens or vegetation fields. Even the Sans, living in the most marginal environment, went by this method of providing food. According to the text, their diets were 80% dependant on gathered items, which was primarily provided W OMEN S STATUS IMPACTED BY PARTICIPATION IN FOOD PROCUREMENT For this very reason most cultures base a woman’s status on their role and participation efforts in food procurement for the household or community. Women are the primary gatherers in nearly all the communities, both tribe and band (Nowak & Laird, 2010). This meant that they were in charge of gathering the fruits, vegetables, herbs, roots and other staples from the vegetation fields or gardens. These materials were either used as a compliment to the hunted meat or as a supplement when meat was not the available. The woman’s status is considered low if her job as a gatherer was considered less important than that of man, who was a hunter. In this case over 50% of the food was provided by the man’s hunting skill and success to provide the meat, which had greater value than that of a woman’s gatherings, equaling less
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ANT.101, WK2, DS1, Gender and Economy - GenderandEconomy

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