ANT.101, WK2, DS2, Exchange Systems

ANT.101, WK2, DS2, Exchange Systems - ExchangeSystems

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Exchange Systems 
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Using Chapters 3 and 4 of the textbook as your guide, address the following: Identify and explain the major forms of reciprocity found in both Foraging and Horticultural societies and provide examples regarding how they impact the level of conflict found in these societies. Consider the use of reciprocity in your own life and comment on its impact on the level of conflict/divisions in your own relationships. Remember to use terminology from the text as well as your own ideas. Your initial response should be 150-200 words in length. Please support your claims with examples from the text, required and recommended material, and/or scholarly articles. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings by Day 7
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EXCHANGE SYSTEMS Tarasha Hickson-Smith ANT. 101 WEEK 2 DISCUSSION 2 The Major Forms of Reciprocity Found in Both Foraging and Horticultural Societies Reciprocity is a means of receiving something in exchange for providing something. The major forms of reciprocity in the foraging society operate within an immediate return system in most cases (Woodburn, 1988). The three types of reciprocal exchanges: generalized, balanced, and negative (Nowak & Laird, 2010)3.3 Economy. With generalized reciprocity foragers like to share and not waste food, so when they have a large catch or a large amount of gathered goods or even prepared food they share with everyone until all are feed and stocked with no expectations just the willingness to give (Nowak & Laird, 2010). This type of communal effort is done within kinship groups and can cut down on labor throughout the whole community which also alleviates competition, leaving no one on top or left behind. With balanced reciprocation a product is exchanged with someone outside of a kinship group and another product of equal value is given as reciprocation. For example, if a certain good is unavailable in one person’s tribe and the other tribe has that good in abundance then an equal trade is made between the two tribes to accommodate one another’s need.
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This note was uploaded on 09/18/2011 for the course ANT101 ANT101 taught by Professor Nancy during the Summer '10 term at Ashford University.

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ANT.101, WK2, DS2, Exchange Systems - ExchangeSystems

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