section_4.13_answers - PHIL12A Section questions, 13 April...

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PHIL12A Section questions, 13 April 2011 Julian Jonker 1 How much do you know? 1. Translate the following sentences into FOL twice, using universal quantifiers for one translation and existential quantifiers for the other. (a) Every cube is left of every tetrahedron. x y(Cube(x) Tet(y) LeftOf(x,y)) (b) Some cube is left of some tetrahedron. x y(Cube(x) Tet(y) LeftOf(x,y)) (c) No cube is left of any tetrahedron. x y((Cube(x) Tet(y)) → ¬ LeftOf(x,y)) (d) Some cube is not left of some tetrahedron. The following might be okay, especially given that this part of the course was dealing with multiple quan- tifiers of the same type: x y(Cube(x) Tet(y) ∧ ¬ LeftOf(x,y)) But really the sentence is saying that there is a cube which is not left of any tetrahedron. Translate that as follows: x(Cube(x) ∧ ∀ y(Tet(y) → ¬ LeftOf(x,y))) 2. Carefully translate the following sentences. (a) There is a pair of small cubes. x y(x 6 = y Cube(x) Small(x) Cube(y) Small(y)) (b) There is a cube to the left of some cube. x
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2011 for the course PHILOS 12A taught by Professor Fitelson during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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section_4.13_answers - PHIL12A Section questions, 13 April...

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