15 - Memory in the real-world ! Childhood Amnesia ! ! !...

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Memory in the real-world © ! Childhood Amnesia ! Possible explanations ! Evidence ! Acting and memory ! Verbatim memory ! Summary How would one study this? ! Lab ! Real-world cases ! What types of things remembered when ! Longitudinal ! Cross-cultural Childhood (infantile) amnesia ! Most people cannot remember events before the age of 3 or 4 (mean 3.5) ! Why? ! 1. Repression ! 2. Difficulty encoding as an experience ! 3. Encoding more action/sensation ! Different frameworks for storage & retrieval ! 4. Temporal/causal structure (schema) ! 5. Self concept 1. Repression ! Idea: childhood is filled with many painful events, so have defense mechanisms to deny conscious access to these events ! Difficult to evaluate, but… ! Painful vs other memories 2. Difficulty encoding as an experience (Penner, 1991) ! 3 and 4 year-olds ! watch object X being put in box ! told object X was put in box ! Is X in box? 3 and 4 year olds know ! How do you know? ! 4 year olds know, 3 year olds often do not ! Also see with “How did you learn this?”
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Difficulty encoding as an experience ! Idea: young children encode an event
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15 - Memory in the real-world ! Childhood Amnesia ! ! !...

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