09 - Alcohols are polar 1, 2, 3 (Primary, secondary, and...

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10/1/09 Chapter 21 *Figure 21.8: Bonding in Ethane *Figure 21.7: Bonding in Ethylene C-C double bonds are known as alkenes Alkenes: 2 orientations of sustituents Alkenes do not rotate about C=C double bond Cyclic Alkanes: *Figure 21.6: Chair and Boat Forms of Cyclohexane Mythical molecule: C6H6 Not actually found in nature, because the 6 bonds are identical; has 6 identical bonds where bond order=1.5 *Table 21.3 Functional Groups: Based on heteroatoms: O, N, S, and occasionally halites O-containing Functional Groups: Alcohols (-OH Group: Nomenclature as before, but “OH” group is denoted by a suffix –ol
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Unformatted text preview: Alcohols are polar 1, 2, 3 (Primary, secondary, and tertiary) notation for alcohols refers to Alochols undergo oxidation to aldehyde & ketones If C=O bears an H Aldehyde If C=O bears 2 Cs Ketone Oxidation of alcohols aldehydes 2e- oxidation Aldehydes can undergo a 2 nd 2e- oxidation to acids Carboxylic acids: There are 2 important derivatives of carboxylic acids: esters and amides Amides & esters are condensation products *Table 21.5 *Table 21.6 Amines: Behavior of alcohols+amines are dominated by their lone pairs of e-*Table 21.4...
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