09 - Alcohols are polar 1º 2º 3º(Primary secondary and...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
10/1/09 Chapter 21 *Figure 21.8: Bonding in Ethane *Figure 21.7: Bonding in Ethylene C-C double bonds are known as alkenes Alkenes: 2 orientations of sustituents Alkenes do not rotate about C=C double bond Cyclic Alkanes: *Figure 21.6: Chair and Boat Forms of Cyclohexane Mythical molecule: C6H6 Not actually found in nature, because the 6 bonds are identical; has 6 identical bonds where bond order=1.5 *Table 21.3 Functional Groups: Based on heteroatoms: O, N, S, and occasionally halites O-containing Functional Groups: Alcohols (-OH Group: Nomenclature as before, but “OH” group is denoted by a suffix –ol
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Alcohols are polar 1º, 2º, 3º (Primary, secondary, and tertiary) notation for alcohols refers to Alochols undergo oxidation to aldehyde & ketones If C=O bears an “H” Aldehyde If C=O bears 2 C’s Ketone Oxidation of alcohols aldehydes 2e- oxidation Aldehydes can undergo a 2 nd 2e- oxidation to acids Carboxylic acids: There are 2 important derivatives of carboxylic acids: esters and amides Amides & esters are condensation products *Table 21.5 *Table 21.6 Amines: Behavior of alcohols+amines are dominated by their lone pairs of e-*Table 21.4...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online