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Unformatted text preview: 2 O General Relationship: The stronger the acid, the weaker the conjugate base The stronger the base, the weaker the conjugate acid Solvents in which acids/bases are dissolved greatly impact acid/base properties Example: H 2 O and NH 3 undergo a reaction called autoionization Autoionization: A process in which proton is transferred from one molecule to another of the same type The product of [H + ][OH-] must = 1 x 10-14 but this does not mean [H + ] = [OH-] 3 cases: Neutral solution: [H + ] = [OH-] = 1 x 10-7 Acidic solution: [H + ] > [OH-] Basic solution: [H + ] < [OH-] 11/3/09 pH = log base 10 scale one pH unit change corresponds to a 10-fold concentration change...
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