fall midterm study guide

fall midterm study guide - Terms for Matching Plot-sequence...

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Terms for Matching Plot-sequence of related events Exposition-background Conflict-struggle between forces Denouement-resolution Climax-the highlight of the story Complication-points of tension, leads to climax Setting-time and place of story Characters-participants in story Protagonist-main character Antagonist-opposes protagonist Flat character-the reader knows little of the character and the character doesn't change much Round character-usually main character, changes a lot, and has a sense of motivation Stock character-stereotyped character Motivation-the writer has given enough info on the character that we are not surprised by his/her actions Theme-underlying or unifying idea stated/implied in the work Foreshadowing-hint at what comes next Points of view-listed below First person POV-the story is narrated by one char, using "I"-reliable when story is accurate, unreliable when character goes crazy Third person POV-the storyteller isn't part of the story Omniscient-all knowing narrator can reveal thoughts, words, actions of any character- some judge, others don't (neutral omniscient does not judge, editorial omniscient does judge) Third person limited POV-focuses on one character's thoughts and actions, but narrated from outside Stream of consciousness-attempts to record all mental activity of a person, clear perspectives to confused longings, conscious thoughts to unconscious thoughts Imagery-sensory data Style-the way something is written Diction-word choices Syntax-arrangement of words into sentences Dialogue-spoken language in a story Allusion-reference to things outside of story Tone-writer's attitude towards material Irony-three types, listed below Verbal Irony-something is said, other thing is meant Dramatic Irony-the audience knows something that the character doesn't Situational Irony-something unexpected occurs Symbol-something reflects something else
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Indeterminacies-passages unclear to the reader Counter-reading-a reading that changes/replaces more obvious meanings implied by a text Parable-short story with a meaning Anecdote-some interesting happening, frequently implausible, does not hold up under repetition, usually a sub-story Playwright-writes plays Script-dialogue and stage directions Plot (in a play)-sequence of causally related events, broken up into scenes Catharsis-emotional purging experienced by people watching play Subplot-separate story that acts as commentary on main story Unified plot-raising and lowering of suspense, conflict resolved but complications raise tension Symmetrical plot-the same as a unified plot Linear plot-a series of small plots strung together, like in soap operas Exposition-in drama, characters have to give information without making it seem forced out Dramatic question-questions raised by the conflict are answered in the climax
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fall midterm study guide - Terms for Matching Plot-sequence...

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