Final Medieval Midterm Study Guide

Final Medieval - MEDIEVAL STUDY GUIDE FOR MID-TERM TEST Possible essay topics(obviously Church • The Church o Three people Priests nobles

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Unformatted text preview: MEDIEVAL STUDY GUIDE FOR MID-TERM TEST Possible essay topics (obviously): Church • The Church o Three people: Priests, nobles, commoners Reflected French revolution o “head of body” Claimed right to rule everybody Nobility were reluctant to give church power o Functioned as one of the only stabilizing forces Cared for the old or sick Educated Divorce Courts Marriage Repository of medieval culture o Alpha and Omega of Medieval Church o Pope acquires power, wealth, and land o Potent spiritual weapons Excommunicated Anathema Interdict o The pope in Rome became most important o How do you become pope? Elected by cardinals Cardinals elected by popes Cardinals formed court for the pope • Very important position Prayer and divine guidance o Pope controlled camera Financial department One of the most prominent in Europe Difficult to transport gold • Church needs to spread wealth • Developed first credit system o Systemize church doctrine Church struggles to define doctrine 1215 – transubstantiation for mass • Literal miracle in last supper Authoritarian Seven Sacraments • The Mass (Communion) • Marriage • Baptism • Ordination • Confirmation • Penance • Extreme Unction Must be administered by priest Gives power to the church, essential sacraments 13 th century, treasury of merit • Takes time off years in purgatory 12 th century • Cult of the virgin • Elevates role of women • Rosaries developed • St. Bernard “immaculate conception” • Super Saint Incredible number of saints • Many days celebrated sainted • St. Thomas helped structure church Miracles abounded • Any inexplicable thing was a miracle • One prayed to saints for intercession People were terrified of hell • Believable • Possession • Exorcism Jews were enemies of all good Christians • Separated Jews into sects in the city • Stories of Jews that were terrifying Church was the one bulwark between demons and villains Relics abounded • Needed relics to have a good church • Treaties or oaths done with relics • Relics had “magical” properties • Profitable for the church • Frauds and thefts abound as well • County fairs would sell relics Reformation • Protestants destroyed relics Pilgrimages • “Spring Break” • Canterbury Tales • Common among Muslims, Pagans, Protestants • For spiritual benefit • Used for Penance • Three major pilgrimages: o Santiago de Compistello o Rome o Jerusalem • Would brand body or head with cross • Brought back relics o Jerusalem = palms leaves (palmers) • Festive occasions • Brief levity in rather grim life of the Middle Ages Church bells tolled the hours One church for every 40-50 households o Exhibited the pride of the community (my steeple is taller than yours!) o Social Services Almost no centralized government Important stimulus Charity • Moral obligation Hospitals...
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2011 for the course 1 101 taught by Professor Larrydavid during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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Final Medieval - MEDIEVAL STUDY GUIDE FOR MID-TERM TEST Possible essay topics(obviously Church • The Church o Three people Priests nobles

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