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Medieval Study Guide

Medieval Study Guide - Arts in the Middle Ages Church...

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Arts in the Middle Ages Church produced the mystery plays based on the Bible stories Epic poems o Folk literature of the area came after the folk tales were collected o Always tales of heroes Makes the ordinary exciting o Eventually, they were written down Most familiar and important were Beowolf, Eddas, Poem of El Sid, Chansons de Jeste Heroes go around doing wonderful deeds o German and French were most important Medieval values of fighting, heroism, and courage o Changed to romantic chivalrous tales instead of the fighting/bloody King Arthur and the Round Table Popular theme of doomed love Combination of religion and mysticism as well in the Brothers Grim o People couldn’t read, but they could remember stories which turned into fairytales Short stories were developing o Chaucer and the Canterbury tales o Baccio wrote the Decameron Oral version of dramatic literature was written down o Troubadours went around and performed o St. Francis, wrote some of the poems o Dante and his writing praised human love as the reflection of spiritual love Drama existed, but was more obscure
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Modern drama stemmed from the church o Was how they taught people Bible stories o Took biblical characters and made them come alive in modern settings Used demons a lot to create slapstick comedy By the 15 th century, the mystery plays explained the mysteries of the church o Because the vast enterprises of the town Everyman was the moral play of the time Cultural forms developed o People were fascinated by what was going on Crusades Travel log books detailed the adventures of the people that went on trips Most famous was Marco Polo’s One of the early books was the Life of King Louis Devotional literature came to be Devine Comedy was the crown of medieval literature o By Dante o Greatest Catholic poem ever written Make representations of what they’ve seen Tried to conform to the ideas of what Rome and Byzantium had had Great influence form the Scythians o Roamed around Russia o Had tattoos that covered their entire bodies o Important in the gothic orientation Liked dragons A lot of Celtic influence
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o Origins in Middle Europe o Jewelry, cups, checkered boards Love of color o Used bright stones as ornaments German and Nordic taste came to Great Britain with the Anglo Saxons Benedictine monasteries illustrated the scripture Roman tradition seen in Church architecture Byzantine influence is seen in the mosaics o Gothics move toward stained glass o More formal sacred figures Unique western taste derived from the mixture of all these cultures By the 11 th century, there was a great resurgence of architecture Gothic churches justified their size by the size of their congregation o Found pride in the size of their church Towers of the churches provided bells to mark the hours o Bell-ringing became a great skill o Tolled for funerals o
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