Medieval - Chapter 1 • Medieval History – Middle ages o...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 • Medieval History – Middle ages o People didn’t know they were in the middle ages o People who were living thought they were at the peak of civilization Latest achievement of mankind o Derived by historians later o Beginning was the classical civilization of Greece and Rome o So that makes this the Middle Ages o Strictly a European approach o A continuation of Roman Roman in their language, history, institution, law, and education Greeks arabs franks saxons o Peasants never notice the end of the old or beginning of the new o Lived all by themselves Own farm Build buildings Primitive equipment • Main reason we look at it o Provides the foundation for the world we know Modern age • When o 500 – 1500 and the Renaissance and Reformation o Low Middle ages 500 – 1000 more difficult smaller population Dark Ages o High Middle ages 1000 – 1500 Reawakening of culture, art, cities, etc. Way better than the Early middle ages • Why did Rome fall o Once had the Republican culture, and when it changed to the Empirical culture, it fell o Decline in moral character o “Hand of God” destroying Rome o People became Christian and they became so passive that the barbarians were able to conquer them o Too much Caesarism Lack of nationalism o War of class structure o Depletion of the soil o Malaria and the plague o Mixture of the Roman blood with the impurities of the Barbarians o Simply cyclical regularity • Cities began to decline in population • Barbarians had come in to take over the jobs that the people would nto do • Land begins to lie farrow • Physical deterioration • Moved to a natural economy o No money o Not very much trade, commerce, or currency o Bartering • Rich still getting rich o Can gather land and build private armies o People became bound to the soil Serfs • The one truly powerful constant factor is the rise of the Christian Church o Constantine, last of the Roman emperors “And the sign can conquer” o Church borrowed from the roman government and system o Collapse of the roman structure of organization is picked up and translated o Take over many of the civil and social functions of Roman empire o Bishop of Rome emerges as the primary bishop Assumed the position of Pope o St. Peter was the first bishop of rome Peter to whom “Christ gave the keys to the Kingdom” o World’s great forgery Donations of Constantine Gave all possessions and authority in the east to the Pope in rome It wasn’t until the renaissance that scholars • Monasticism flourished o Believed that they had to do weird things Pillar sitters that would have to sit on pillars in the middle of the forest Grazers who would get down on all fours and eat grass Would go o St. Benedict Father of the modern monasticism • 4 rulse: Prayer, praise, study, and labor o What we know much of Greek and Rome was from what monks have copied •...
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2011 for the course 1 101 taught by Professor Larrydavid during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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Medieval - Chapter 1 • Medieval History – Middle ages o...

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