gcu325 Unit 2 outline of notes

gcu325 Unit 2 outline of notes - GCU 325Unit 2 Outline of...

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GCU 325—Unit 2 Outline of Notes (This is only an outline —these are not the notes. By itself, this will not be very helpful on the lecture quiz. You will need to have your own notes). POPULATION GEOGRAPHY I. numbers – 700 million people, from Atlantic to Russia, dense population largest countries in Europe – Germany 82 million people France – 64 million, U.K – 62 million, Italy – 59 million II. territorial size – smaller than that of the United States, but larger population. Europe- 2.3 million sq. miles (USA – 3.7 million sq. miles) Europe – 580 million people (USA – 303 million people) Ukraine largest country with territorial size, France then Spain, Sweden, Germany, Finland. They count for 47% of Europe’s territorial size. III. density A. much internal variety - Monaco – 40,000 people per sq mi Iceland – 7 people per sq mi Physiologic density – the habitable land B. Kirk Stone's research – continuous settlement zone, all habitations lie no more 5 km from other habitation in at least 6 different ways Most of it is in the area but except the subarctic zone, and deserts. IV. Demographic transition --4 stages of pop. growth 1 high b.r. high d.r. no growth 2 high b.r. lowering d.r. high growth 3 lowering b.r. low d.r. high growth 4 low b.r. low d.r. no growth
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Stage 1—high d.r.- all of Europe was in stage 1, until the 1700s prior to the Industrial Revolution. High death rate – because of warfare, diseases, famine. Stage 2—lowering d.r. – Sanitation and medical advances, water and sewage disposal, piping. a. certain areas in Europe—hit stage 2 in early 1800s - Northern Europe, when there is too much pop. people move to a different area. b. Stage 2 countries—high surplus of pop. --emigration i. Irish example - right before potato famine, there was a big boom in population, before famine, there was 8 mil then after it decreased by 2 mil. Brought over there culture ii. most migrants to U.S. until 1880s/1890s – people from England and Germany. Northern and Western Europe iii. other areas in Europe--hit stage 2 after 1880s/1890s Southern and Eastern Europe – almost a century after the rest of Europe. Italians and Polish move to the east coast like Boston, New York, Philly. Ellis Island – NY harbor, processing center for people from Europe. 40% of Americans that came through Ellis Island. There was a lot of Italians that went to Latin America, but the US was the main place that most immigrants traveled to. Most of the people who immigrated ended of learning English and lost their original culture
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Stage 3—lowering b.r. – there is still population growth a. industrial/ urban – 1750 – more people are moving to cities, factory jobs are in cities, moving away from agricultural roots. Now, there are no advantages for having a big family, so now
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2011 for the course GCU 325 taught by Professor Shaeffer during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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gcu325 Unit 2 outline of notes - GCU 325Unit 2 Outline of...

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