gcu325 Unit 4 outline of notes

gcu325 Unit 4 outline of notes - GCU 325Unit 4 Outline of...

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GCU 325—Unit 4 Outline of Notes (This is only an outline —these are not the notes. By itself, this will not be very helpful on the lecture quiz. You will need to have your own notes). POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY I. nation-state concept - originated in Europe A. nation : referred to as a national group 1. homogeneous culture - similar religion, language 2. common history – same heritage 3. unified, tightly-knit – have a lot of traits that are common B. state (also called country): 1. political unit – boundaries, different government agencies 2. other common institutions - C. nation-state : when the 2 match--patriotic, strong national spirit 1. Europe—many nation-states – Portugal – Portuguese national group, have homogenous nation, heritage and unified. They also have minority groups from Africa, but for the most part, they’re mostly a nation-state Hungary - Hungarians, highly unified, and unique language Poland – since the fall of communism. Greece – especially since the 1920s the Greek-Turkish exchange, which cause the Greek nationalist group to expand. Czech Rep Slovenia 2. Europe—many non-nation-states – multinational state, several different national groups, even though they’re multiculture, it doesn’t mean that they’re gonna go to war within the country Belgium – the Flemish and Walloons – speak different languages Switzerland – there are German, French and Italian speaking Swiss Spain – different languages, Basque country – nationalistic group, some want to be politically dependant. Bosnia – different religious groups
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UK II. A. devolution – a specific region or area, that is unhappy or dissatifised about being in that country Want less control from the central government and more control over their own region, autonomy and want they’re own independence. Devolving as a country – breaking up into smaller countries Ex- Yugoslavia --devolutionary areas - Spain – Basque country, they want less control from the Madrid government, Galicia – Portuguese influence, Catalonia . Focused more on language seperation UK - Scotland – want independence from UK, now theres even a Scottish Parliament, but no Scottish Army. Ireland used to be apart of the UK and put up a lot of resistance and was granted their independence, Wales and Northern Ireland France – Corsica – French island but Italian speaking, want more autonomy Italy – Sardinia – Italian speaking, Padania – economic differences, northern Italy, because south Italy is poorer. Bosnia Sweden – Scania – southern Sweden, more cultural and emotional attachment to Demark. Norway – North Norway – Lapland Faeroe Islands – Denmark Ukraine – Russian areas – Cramea Peninsula Slovakia B. country breakup 1. former USSR (Soviet Union) – 9 new countries from USSR, 3 Baltic states, Caucasus countries, and a couple in the Central Asia Baltic states – Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania – some of the first to be independent, annex and taken over by USSR in the beginning of WW2
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2011 for the course GCU 325 taught by Professor Shaeffer during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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gcu325 Unit 4 outline of notes - GCU 325Unit 4 Outline of...

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