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Human development exam 2 study guide

Human development exam 2 study guide - CDE 232 Spring 2011...

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CDE 232 – Spring 2011 Exam 2 Study Guide Dr. Reesing This study guide is being provided with the assumption that you have completed all of the assigned readings/lectures. Remember, the exam will be available online for you to take through the “Exams” button on Blackboard from 6:00am on Wednesday March 30 th until Noon on Thursday March 31 st (MST). You will need to have Respondus LockDown Browser installed on your computer and use it to access the exam (see syllabus or FAQ for more information). The exam will have 50 questions based on your assigned readings in the Santrock textbook (Ch 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12) and the associated Lectures and Videos. Each question will be worth 2 points, for a total possible of 100 points for this exam. You will have 70 minutes to complete the exam. Please stay within the time limit as 2 points will be deducted for each 1 minute you go over. Detailed exam instructions are posted under the “Exams” button on Blackboard. Good luck with your studying! I hope you all do well on the exam! Know/understand the following: Physical Development in Early childhood (Chapter 7 and Lecture) Body changes o Growth patterns From 2-5 years: children become taller and slimmer the lower body lengthens to have more adult-like proportions baby fat turns to muscle at age 5 the body mass index is lower than at any other age in the entire life span children increase in height and weight Typically gaining 2 ½ inches per year and 5-7 pounds per year Brain development o Continuing development of brain and nervous system occurs in early childhood By age 3, brain is ¾ of its adult size; by 6 it is 95% of adult size brain growth after infancy is a crucial difference between humans and other animals a great deal of pruning of dendrites has already occurred in some areas of the brain and increases in dendritic connections increase in others o Myelination continues the effects of myelination are most noticeable in early childhood Myelination is the process by which axons become coated with myelin, a fatty substance that speeds the transmission of nerve impulses from neuron to neuron Myelination increases speed and efficient of information traveling through nervous system This affects physical and cognitive skills (and ultimately can affect relationship development)
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Motor skill milestones Sleep Cognitive Development in Early childhood (Chapter 7, Lecture, and Video clip) Piaget’s preoperational stage o Substages 2 substages Symbolic Function Substage (2-4yrs) o Symbolic Thinking=use of words, gestures, pictures, or actions to represent ideas, things, behavior o *Example of operation = mentally Intuitive Thought Substage (4-7yrs) o Children begin to use primitive reasoning, seek answers to all sorts of questions Occurs about 4 to 7 years of age Limits of preoperational thought Centration: focusing attention on one characteristic to the exclusion of all
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Human development exam 2 study guide - CDE 232 Spring 2011...

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