Ch.11–13_Notes

Ch.11–13_Notes - GRA111 Fall 2010 Art...

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Unformatted text preview: GRA111 Fall 2010 Art Nouveau The influence of ukiyo-e Ukiyoe-e means pictures of a floating world Corresponds to Japans Tokugawa period (1603-1867), the final phase of traditional Japanese history Economic expansion, internal stability, and flourishing cultural arts Japan experienced self-imposed isolation, and as a result, a distinct national character developed Early ukiyoe-e works depicted entertainment districts, including Kabuki theater scenes and prostitutes Woodblock prints were popular, as were images depicting urban life Collaboration between publisher, artist, block cutter, and printer was common As each color was created with a separate block, the process was labor intensive The artist saw the final work only after all blocks were cut and the printing had begun Okumura Masanobu Among the first to move to two-color woodblocks Suzuki Haunobu Introduced full color prints Kitagawa Utamaro Known for his ability to portray beautiful women The supreme poet of the Japanese print Katsushika Hokusai The most renowned and prolific of the ukiyo-e artists 1 Produced an estimated 35,000 works during his 70-year career A great range of subjects were depicted Began his career illustrating yellow backs, cheap novelettes with (not surprisingly) yellow covers Later, illustrated major novels Single-leaf polychrome prints were considered the peak of ukiyo-e art Hokusai created his Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji when he was in his seventies Ando Hiroshige Last great master of Japanese woodcut His work inspired European impressionist painters (primarily through his spatial composition) He was quite effective not only at capturing the subtle beauty of nature, but also the lives of ordinary people End of an era In 1867 the last shogun was overthrown and power restored to the emperor the following year As a modern Japan emerged, the isolationist barriers came down (and Japan came to more closely resemble the West) The influence in Europe was significant ( Japonisme is the late-nineteenth-century mania for all thing Japanese) Abstraction/ simplification Flat planes of color Subjects reduced to (often powerful) symbols The Art Nouveau Style international decorative style 1890-1910 (roughly) all design arts architecture furniture and product design fashion design graphic design 2 distinguishing visual quality organic, plant-like line(s) whiplash curves (high-energy) gentle, flowing grace (low-energy) vines and twisting stems flowers birds especially peacocks female human form origins of name originally called le style moderne Salon de lArt Nouveau 1895 Paris art gallery owned by S. Bing....
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Ch.11–13_Notes - GRA111 Fall 2010 Art...

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