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PGS 101, Lec 7 (Prob Solving & Language Acquisition)

PGS 101, Lec 7 (Prob Solving & Language...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style The Psychology of Problem Solving
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Problem Solving Active efforts to achieve a goal Types of Problems Structure problems Series completion, analogies Arrangement problems Anagram Transformation problems
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What screws us up? Irrelevant information Functional fixedness Mental set If it worked once, it will work again Unnecessary constraints
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Approaches to Problem Solving Trial & error Heuristics Forming subgoals Working backward Search for analogies Change the representation
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Risky Decision Making Factors Objective value Subjective utility Subjective probabilities
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Common Probability Bloopers Availability bias Representativeness bias Ignoring base rates The conjunction fallacy The gambler’s fallacy Ignoring sample size
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The Psychology of Language Acquisition
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Language Symbolic Infinitely generative Structured
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Structure of Language
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