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PGS101Exam3studyguide - PGS 101 Exam 3 Study Guide Study...

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Sheet1 Page 1 PGS 101 Exam 3 Study Guide Study tips: If a concept was covered in lecture, always use lecture notes. Only if not, then use book. Remember, material from the Methods lectures is game for any exam throughout the course. DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCH Mary Ainsworth -First to look at infant attachment cycles One way mirror to observe bay: strange situation (any new environment is a ‚ strange situation& for a baby. Piaget -used s own kids to study child behavior. Believes children& s traits are passed down genetically. Erikson -Personality development. Development as far as social skills. See ‚ Personality Marcia -identity development. Her conclusion was that identity depends on crisis and commitment. You have to conclude what is true to YOU, and question the beliefs you were raised with to have your own true personality. Kohlberg -studied moral development. See ± stages of moral development& Prenatal development . Germinal -(0-2weeks): zygote. Implants itself on uterus wall . embryonic -(2-8weeks): embryo. Beginning development of vital body organs and systems. Very touchy stage. Baby is strongly affected by habits of the mother. . fetal -(8weeks-birth): fetus. Organs finish developing, bone and muscle development, kicking, development of sex organs. Infant attachment style development . Secure -babies go down to play, but check on caretaker. When caretaker leaves, baby cries, but when caretaker returns the baby stops crying and goes back to play. He is more trusting. . anxious-ambivalent -takes longer to play, more checking behavior. When caretaker leaves, cries, and when returns just clings to them. Does not trust so much. . avoidant -sometimes quicker to explore room, show signs that they don& t care, often ignore caretaker. When caretaker returns and comes back, baby doesn“ t care. . Are infantD s needs usually met? . If yes, then baby is secure and default is trust . If no, baby is either: ¦ fearful, anx-ambivalent (overly dependent) ¦
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Sheet1 Page 2 defensive, avoidant (overly independent) US vs Germany vs Japan infant attachments: US has majority secure, some anx, and a lot of avoidant. Japans has no avoidant. Cognitive development
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PGS101Exam3studyguide - PGS 101 Exam 3 Study Guide Study...

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