PSY 101, Lec 10 (Psychological Disorders)

PSY 101, Lec 10 (Psychological Disorders) - Psychological...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Psychological Disorders
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Medical Model of Disorders Medical Model: Mental Illness Prior models Superstitious Religious Thomas Szasz’s criticism People put into mental institutions because their behavior was not considered to be the norm. Behavior can differ based on region
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Criteria Outside of the norm Interferes with functioning With every aspect of their life Causes physical danger to anyone &/or patient’s personal distress
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Psychodiagnosis DSM IV 5 different axes (plural for axis) I Clinical syndromes II Personality disorders: less severe than clinical III Medical conditions IV Psychosocial problems: deals with loss of a loved on V Global assessment of functioning
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Anxiety Disorders Excessive apprehension Generalized anxiety disorder (all have this in common): characterized by general anxiety, all the time. Phobias: irrational fears of objects or situations (bugs, snakes, heights) Panic disorder: reoccurring attacks randomly in a day Agoraphobia: fear of going out in public, leaving the house Obsessive-compulsive disorder: persistent intrusive thoughts Fear of contamination Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD, Shellshock)
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Etiology of Anxiety Disorders Links/Relationships Genetics: if you become into a period of stress you are more vulnerable to having a disorder Neurochemicals: decreases GABA and serotonin Classical & operant conditioning: phobias formed through classical and maintained through operant Cognitive: Huge correlation with interpretive differences, much more likely to interpret something ambiguous with something threatening Personality Stress
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Somatoform Disorders (Physical ailments with no organic basis)
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PSY 101, Lec 10 (Psychological Disorders) - Psychological...

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