HIST1112Unit 3 EssayThe accounts of Sir Francis Drake’s and Ferdinand Magellan’s voyages are two of the most famous accounts of exploration in history. There is no doubt that these two explorers changed the world. Sir Francis Drake and Ferdinand Magellan both began their voyages with the same goal: circumnavigating the globe. However, they had different reasons for doing so.According to the introduction in “Ferdinand Magellan’s Voyage Round the World”, Ferdinand Magellan was born in 1470 in Portugal to noble parents. In my research, every other source I found lists his birthday as a decade later, in 1480. Magellan spent his childhood in royal service, probably as a page of the Queen of Portugal. As a young man, he enlisted with the Portuguese service where he sailed to east Africa and Malacca, which is present-day Malaysia. In 1513, Magellan was injured in a battle in North Africa. Magellan did not feel his service to Portugal was rewarded adequately andbecause of this, he offered his service to Spain in 1517. During this time, spices from the East were worth their weight in gold. Black pepper wascurrency and other spices were weighed against gemstones. Any spices from the East had to take a journey over land, through deserts and cities. Much of the product was lost along the way. Magellan proposed a voyage to find a direct route over water from the far east to Europe in order to transport spices quickly and easily. The King of Spain
HIST1112Unit 3 Essayaccepted his proposal, and in September of 1519, Magellan set out with 5 ships, sailing west through the Atlantic Ocean to whatever lay on the other side.