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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 Communication, Language, etc. Ideas:-Ideas are species-They live, they reproduce, they mutate, they evolve-Fit ideas stick around, bad ideas die out-Like any species, ideas fight for survival Humans and Ideas-What makes humans so special is that we are carriers of this other species.-We pick up, carry, process, filter, mutate, and transfer information all throughout our lives.-we are to ideas as bees are to flowers-Declarative ideas(facts, experiences)-Procedural ideas(behaviors) Humans were made to wantr to communicate:-Michael Tomasello-The Cultural Origins of Guman Cognition-babies from an early age want to share attention-Dogs are the only other animals that share attention-Monkeys can follow you pointing, they can produce complex team-Deaf will create sign language Importance of Communication:-Patrick Grim: Evolution of Communication Constructed a matrix of individuals with input/output states: Input: may be hurt by predator or fed by food, may hear sound 1 or 2 Output: may open its mouth to feed, may hide from predator, may make sound 1 or 2-Based on this, there are 81 possible strategies(e.g. never make a sound but open your mouth when a neighbor makes sound Human Language-Animals carry, filter, and pass on information too, though behavior, and through genetics, so why are humans special?-Human language.-Human language is a very efficient way of communicating info-Few sounds can sometimes describe years of experience(e.g. "college") Nature or Nurture-Behaviorist claim Language is learned through reinforcemnt-Chomsky (POS claim) When are children ever reinforced to say, "I hate you mommy"? Language must be innate-Cognitive approach Language is learned, but reinforcement is not all there is to it......
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- Spring '11