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5 Public Land Survey System

5 Public Land Survey System - Public Land Survey...

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Public Land Survey System (PLSS)
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U.S. Public Lands Survey System (PLSS) 1776 Declaration of Independence Created one of the most ambitious and extensive boundary creations Statute of 1785 created system Still used today Basic purpose Avoid the errors and confusion regarding boundary lines and land ownership Prevalent in the colonial states
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PLSS What is it? A “rectangular” (grid) survey system
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U.S. Public Lands Survey System (PLSS) Initial legislation Proposed by a committee Headed by Thomas Jefferson Inuagurated: Land Act of 1784 Replaced by Land Act of 1785 First sectionalized survey Tested northwest of the Ohio River Called Seven Ranges in Ohio Had no written instructions
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U.S. Public Lands Survey System (PLSS) Seven Ranges Square townships 6 miles on a side Outside corners were set a 1 mile intervals Inside corners were protracted Sections were numbered, starting along the east boundary, running south to north
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PLSS Setting monuments – “marking corners” Various materials Pits, mounds, stones, wooden posts, charcoal, bottles, pipes, etc.
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