AMH Final Study Guide

AMH Final Study Guide - American Military History Final...

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Unformatted text preview: American Military History Final Exam Study Guide 03/05/2011 23:30:00 Professionalism in the U.S. Army, 1865-1917 Decline is size post Civil War o No more amateurism No rotation between staff and line officers o Unsympathetic to eachother o Changed in early 20 th century 6 attributes of professionalism o Full time and useful Serve continuing social needs o Lifetime calling Embodies professional standards Identify with job subculture o Professional control Set their own performance standards o Formal education theoretical o autonomy self-reliance o trustworthy More professional training for officers Separation of military management from politics Establishment of graduate military schools o Naval and army war college White Victory in Indian Wars Most sustained military operations in history (1607-1896) Army officers thought Indians were racially inferior, enemies Tactics o Total war Massacre, destroy food sources, shelter o Campaign in winter Indians more vulnerable o Red River war (1874) Against plains Indians Great light cavalry We used converging columns Beat them in stationary camps o How we killed Indians Commercial buffalo hunting RR allowed settlers and troops to move onto plains Superior numbers and technology Trap Door Springfield, Krag Jorgensen, 1903 Springfield, Garand M-1 Springfield o Outdates o Black powder got rifle dirty o Smoke gave away position o Decreased muzzle velocity Krag (1893) o Good, no smoke o Used by all regulars by 1897 1903 o .30 caliber o bolt action Garand M-1 (1935) o Semi-automatic o Very accurate, clipped Naval War College Beginning of military graduate education Established by William E Chandler o Newport Rhode Island, 1885 Intellectual renaissance for strategy, tactics, policies o Under Luce Provided forum for Mahan o Ideas revolutionized Naval war worldwide Alfred Thayer Mahan Institutionalized study of professional naval development Major points o Object is to control the sea o Commerce raiding is useless o US needs to be offensive Battleship navy Emphasize lines of communication o Communication is most important thing Strategic places are important o Access to resources, favorable location Concentration of mass is important o Believed in climactic battle If sea was controlled, land would follow Navy should fight in squadrons Influence of Sea Power on history Criticism o Better suited to wooden navy o Didnt account for britains geographical advantage We needed to protect two separate coasts Could concentrate all ships in Europe Wm R. Shafter Commanding General in Cuba, 300 lbs (fatty)...
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AMH Final Study Guide - American Military History Final...

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