Compare and analyze both the British and American strategies employed in the War of 1812

Compare and analyze both the British and American strategies employed in the War of 1812

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Compare and analyze both the British and American strategies employed in the War of 1812 (include the naval strategies for both sides) for each year of the conflict Be sure to relate these strategies to their outcomes (i.e. military outcomes of military engagements (including nave battles and include necessary names, places, dates, etc. as necessary)) Strategy - bring the ships out to see – Ammo – not fighting battle Capturing british commerce ships Occasional “strategic lessons” 99 1) What was the turning point of the war? 2) How did leadership factor into the events? 3) How could the British have won? Key victories: Erie Defense of Baltimore - Intro: Reason: Leopard pursuing Chesapeake – impressment Indians found w/ British arms (supplying) – Tippecanoe War was not one cause but interplay of several US – tried an embargo – didn’t work 1807-1812 British arming the Indians War Hawks- Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, Felix Grundy Jun 18 th , Madison – Congress passed a declartion of war on Britian Declared in June 1812 - naval based - went after trade ships and the British settlement embargo - Madison - John Rodger – drawing out to sea – trickery, not strength of navy - Britain navy 150,000 men and 125 ships where as US 20 ships and 4,000men - 80 ships of Britain
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- “American Navy turned to harassing British vessel on North Atlantic sea lanes” - 1812-1813 “Failure to maintain original British naval control of the lakes was probably the greatest mistake of the British military policy in North America in 1812-1813. From this fundamental error flowed the principal American gains of the year: Perry’s victory on Lake Erie, the defeat of the British at the Battle of the Thames, and the collapse of the Indian confederacy.” - Corps of Artillery – American warfare – adequate supply of weapons, .69 – caliber flintlock muskets .59-caliber flintlock pistols
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Compare and analyze both the British and American strategies employed in the War of 1812

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