Essay B – p 45
Compare and analyze both the British and American strategies employed in the War of
1812 (include the naval strategies for both sides) for each year of the conflict
Be sure to relate these strategies to their outcomes (i.e. military outcomes of military
engagements (including nave battles and include necessary names, places, dates, etc. as
- British – really defensive until they defeated Napolean – strategy – just hold out until
they beat Napolean (1814) – engaged in Spain and French ()
1) What was the turning point of the war?
The Battle at Fort Meigs
was the turning point of the War of 1812, a naval
warfare between Britain and the America. It was a very close fight, but with Britain
successfully defeating America's naval fleet many times. This war started as a counter to
Britain's support of American Indian tribes who were fighting against them, and Britain's
motive for war was to serve as a warning to America that they should retract their
monetary support towards France, whom Britain are then engaging a war with them at
that time. This threats hit America, and to protect his honor and his sovereignty, and risk
further humiliation, America struck back, causing a conflict between the two
The battle of Ford Meigs proved to be a crucial pivotal point for USA, as they had
already lose many naval battles with Britain, accompanied by losses of many of their
ports in the coastal areas. So, for the port Ford Meigs, to prevent it from falling under the
hands of the British Empire, they stocked it with defensive power, and put more
manpower and machinery to safeguard the sacred place. Despite the attempts made by
Britain to capture the port, it proved futile as the port withstand the frenzied attempts of
bombardment, the fort still remained strong. The defense was led by Major General
Henry Harrison. Knowing that they had already lost Fort Mackinac and Fort Detroit in
the Michigan Territory and also the Ford Dearborn in the Illinois territory, they could not
afford to lose more ports or face utter collapse, so their only hope of survival was Ford
The battle continued for four days, with no result, and Britain was suffering from
many casualties and also from tiredness from the battle, they were forced to retreat to
Canada, and this change the whole complexion of battle, leading to America victory.
2) How did leadership factor into the events?
3) How could the British have won?
The reason Americans tend to view the War of 1812 as an American victory is because
they count the Battle of New Orleans as being part of the war.