-Wolfe and Montcalm:
James Wolfe was the Major General of the British armada that attacked Quebec
during the French and Indian’s War.
The Marquis de Montcalm was the French commander who
concentrated his forces at Quebec to counter this attack.
Wolfe led his outnumbered troops to attack
Quebec on the night of Sept. 12-13, 1759.
Quebec surrendered six days later, but by this time Wolfe and
Montcalm had died.
Victory led directly to American Revolution.
Won fame as being Washington’s artillerist. Colonel in charge of American artillery who
was sent to Fort Ticonderoga by General Washington in 1775 to fetch the artillery pieces captured by the
British the year before.
Dragged them back to Boston.
Was with Washington to try and hold HYC, but
couldn’t handle the massive invasion. At Washington’s side at Brandywine and Monmouth, participated
on the siege of NYC in 1781. When the new gov’t was formed in 1789, the army was placed under Knox,
who was now the Secretary of War.
+Marquis de Lafayette:
French man who joined American fight for independence as a commander, also
allowed a chance to exact revenge for the Seven Years War. Essentially Adopted by Washington, served
beside him at Brandywine, Valley Forge, and Monmouth Court House. Led 2,500 continentals and militia
to contribute to the siege of Yorktown in 1781, which was led to an American victory in the war. Helped
out with the French Revolution, adapting some of the ideas he saw in the American Revolution.
One of the most reputable generals that come over in the Revolution. British General
who led 650 loyalists and Indians (some of whom had scalped Jane McCrae) along with 7,200 British and
Hessian regulars south to cut off New England.
Ran into stern resistance from Gates and NE militiamen
and was forced to surrender. Unable to extricate himself from the Battle of Bemis Heights, retreated to
Saratoga, where he had to surrender himself and 600 man on 10/17/1777
Commander of the forces to win at Saratoga, Washington appoint him commander of
the northern army, but in 1780 Gates took command of the southern army, and was completely defeated
by Cornwallis’ troops on Aug. 16, 1780 in Camden, SC. Gates was then replaced by Green.
ex-Prussian military officer who joined Americans and introduced simplified drill,
musketry, and bayonet tactics to the Continentals which made them better fighters.
Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States (“Blue Book”) which was
adopted as the drill regulations book for the army until 1812.
Guerilla warfare, fighting in the woods and such? Replaced Gates as the
commander to lead the American resistance in the south.
Divided his army between himself and Daniel
Morgan, forcing Cornwallis to do the same.
Strategically retreated to the north, forcing Cornwallis to
follow him into the interior, before turning on him.
Worked closely and cooperatively with guerilla