Mil. Hist. Midterm study guide

Mil. Hist. Midterm study guide - People -Wolfe and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
People -Wolfe and Montcalm: James Wolfe was the Major General of the British armada that attacked Quebec during the French and Indian’s War. The Marquis de Montcalm was the French commander who concentrated his forces at Quebec to counter this attack. Wolfe led his outnumbered troops to attack Quebec on the night of Sept. 12-13, 1759. Quebec surrendered six days later, but by this time Wolfe and Montcalm had died. Victory led directly to American Revolution. +Henry Knox: Won fame as being Washington’s artillerist. Colonel in charge of American artillery who was sent to Fort Ticonderoga by General Washington in 1775 to fetch the artillery pieces captured by the British the year before. Dragged them back to Boston. Was with Washington to try and hold HYC, but couldn’t handle the massive invasion. At Washington’s side at Brandywine and Monmouth, participated on the siege of NYC in 1781. When the new gov’t was formed in 1789, the army was placed under Knox, who was now the Secretary of War. +Marquis de Lafayette: French man who joined American fight for independence as a commander, also allowed a chance to exact revenge for the Seven Years War. Essentially Adopted by Washington, served beside him at Brandywine, Valley Forge, and Monmouth Court House. Led 2,500 continentals and militia to contribute to the siege of Yorktown in 1781, which was led to an American victory in the war. Helped out with the French Revolution, adapting some of the ideas he saw in the American Revolution. +John Burgoyne: One of the most reputable generals that come over in the Revolution. British General who led 650 loyalists and Indians (some of whom had scalped Jane McCrae) along with 7,200 British and Hessian regulars south to cut off New England. Ran into stern resistance from Gates and NE militiamen and was forced to surrender. Unable to extricate himself from the Battle of Bemis Heights, retreated to Saratoga, where he had to surrender himself and 600 man on 10/17/1777 +Horatio Gates: Commander of the forces to win at Saratoga, Washington appoint him commander of the northern army, but in 1780 Gates took command of the southern army, and was completely defeated by Cornwallis’ troops on Aug. 16, 1780 in Camden, SC. Gates was then replaced by Green. -Von Steuben: ex-Prussian military officer who joined Americans and introduced simplified drill, musketry, and bayonet tactics to the Continentals which made them better fighters. Wrote the Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States (“Blue Book”) which was adopted as the drill regulations book for the army until 1812. +Nathanael Green: Guerilla warfare, fighting in the woods and such? Replaced Gates as the commander to lead the American resistance in the south. Divided his army between himself and Daniel Morgan, forcing Cornwallis to do the same. Strategically retreated to the north, forcing Cornwallis to follow him into the interior, before turning on him. Worked closely and cooperatively with guerilla
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course HIST 100 taught by Professor Saeger during the Fall '10 term at Lehigh University .

Page1 / 7

Mil. Hist. Midterm study guide - People -Wolfe and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online