The four main orchestral string instruments are

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The four main orchestral string instruments are (from highest to lowest pitch) the violins (usually divided into two sections, playing individual parts), the violas, the cellos and the double basses. Each have four strings arranged in order of pitch and may be played by means of a bow (arco) or plucked ( pizzicato ). Whereas the violin and viola are played with the instrument resting between the shoulder and the chin, the
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Unformatted text preview: larger cello (or, to give it its full title, violoncello) is placed between and slightly behind the knees facing outwards, and the bulky double bass is played standing up or seated on a high stool. The way we refer to performers of instruments is derived from the name of the instrument itself. Thus, we speak of violinists, violists, cellists, bassists, guitarists, and harpists, to name a few....
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course MUSIC 1306 taught by Professor Tanger during the Spring '11 term at North Central Texas College.

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