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Reconstruction (Autosaved)

Reconstruction (Autosaved) - 1865-1867 Congressional...

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Reconstruction- Presidential, 1865-1867 Congressional, 1867-1877 Freedmen's Bureau- To help freed slaves who needed money, clothes, jobs, etc. First welfare attempt Recruited educators Freed blacks had “nothing but freedom” Many shot at / killed Program ended 1872 Civil War Amendments 13 th Amendment-Slavery ended with this amendment; December 1865; section 1=nowhere is slavery allowed; section 2= Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation 14 th Amendment- 1886; Blacks allowed to vote; every one born in U.S.=citizen; if a state doesn’t allow a qualified individual to vote, they lose congressional representation; business have same legal status as a person under the law ‘15 th Amendment-can’t use someone’s color or previous slavery status to keep them from voting. Carpetbaggers & Scalawags- Carpetbagger-A Northerner who went to the South after the Civil War for political or financial advantage. *Scalawag-southern whites who supported Reconstruction following the Civil War Redeemers-wanted to go back to the old south and regain power. Lost Cause-
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What the Southerners thought of the country after slavery ended. Black Codes- Unofficial laws put in place in the United States to limit the basic human rights and civil liberties of the blacks. ‘Ku Klux Klan- Also referred to as KKK First klan 1866-1872 Second klan 1917-present(2 nd klan killed ppl in 9/11 attacks) sharecropping & tenant farming- Sharecropping-sharecropper owns no land; works on land owned by someone else to get a share of the crop; usually borrows from plantation store and their debt increases Tenant farming-rent agreement; own a draft animal; get value from crops/pay rent debt peonage- a method of debt repayment in which a person repays his debt in labor. Compromise of 1877 - end of Reconstruction- unwritten agreement between the Republicans and Democrats that resolved the altercation concerning the result of the Presidential election of 1876. New South- not a positive term to redeemers modernized community attitude increased immigration urbanization railroads still ruled by old politics
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blacks=poor&powerless racial segregation Centennial, 1876- 46 million people 1/3 population=1 st or 2 nd generation Americans More males than females (10%) 80% rural (outside cities and towns)-[this changed after WWII] 16% infant mortality rate Life expectancy 42(female),44(male) Northern plains Indians destroyed 210 men Manifest Destiny and the West-(moving from east to west) Texas added Mormons moved to Utah in 1840 Mexican war ended Gulf discovered, led to gold search in california Railroads- First big business Started with wood&iron but eventually progressed with steel Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882- First immigration law Possible purpose: racial? Jealousy? Resentment?
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