HROB502 Lecture 2 - FoundationsofIndividual Behavior...

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Foundations of Individual  Behavior Lecturer: Dr. Miral Metawie TAs: Nouran Abdel Azeem    Mariam Hussein Magdy Mona Kamel
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Biographical Characteristics Biographical Characteristics Personal characteristics—such as age,  gender, and marital status—that are objective  and easily obtained from personnel records.
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Biographical Characteristics Age It is tempting to assume  that age is inversely  related to absenteeism.  There is a widespread belief that productivity  declines  with  age  and  that  individual  skills  decay over time.   The  relationship  between  age  and  job  satisfaction is mixed. 
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Biographical Characteristics Gender There are few, if any,  important differences between  men and women that will  affect their job performance. 
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Biographical Characteristics Gender Cont’d… Studies concluded that: There is no significant difference in job productivity  between men and women.  Women are more willing to conform to authority.  There is a difference between men and women in  terms of preference for work schedules.  Women’s turnover rates are similar to men’s. The research on absence consistently indicates that  women have higher rates of absenteeism. 
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Biographical Characteristics Tenure There is a positive  relationship between tenure  and job productivity.  There is a negative  relationship between tenure to  absence.  The evidence indicates that  tenure and satisfaction are  positively related. 
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Ability, Intellect, and  Intelligence Ability An individual’s capacity to perform  the various tasks in a job. Intellectual Ability The capacity to do mental activities.  thinking, reasoning, problem solving Jobs differ in the demands placed on  intellectual abilities.  Multiple Intelligences Intelligence contains four subparts:  cognitive, social, emotional, and cultural.
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2–8 Number aptitude Verbal comprehension Perceptual speed Inductive reasoning Deductive reasoning Spatial visualization Memory Dimensions of Intellectual  Ability
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Follow :  Wind; Gallop; Lead Respect: Esteem; Hope; Ordinary Leisure: Landing; Confidence; Work FunTime  Which Abilities?   1+2+10+20+ ?  = 63
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Spot the difference!
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2–11 Exercise:Fill in the space of either a  car manufacturer or a model of a car It was a 1) ______ day in Paris as the Italian  playboy 2) _______ stepped  off the 3) ______.  His mind was on the love of his life, the beautiful  4) _______ whom he was to 5) ________ that  evening to the 6) ________ reception. How could he demonstrate his true feelings? “Of 
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HROB502 Lecture 2 - FoundationsofIndividual Behavior...

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