Chapter 11 - ThienyNguyen ProfessorBush MEDA115 28April2011...

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Thieny Nguyen Professor Bush MEDA 115 28 April 2011 Chapter 11 1. The  urinary  system is  responsible  for producing,  storing, and excreting urine. This  cleansing of the blood of the waste products of metabolism and regulating the water, salts, and  acids in the body fluids ensure homeostasis. 2. Common symptoms are: nausea, loss of appetite, fever, headache and body aches,  flank or low back pain, bloody urine, edema, decreased urinary output, hypertension, and  pruritus. 3. Acute glomerulonephritis-Etiologic factors: group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus.  Chronic Glomerulonephritis- Etiologic factors: immune mechanisms, primary renal disorders  and multisystem diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus. 4. Examples of abnormal findings in a   urinalysis: gross blood, the presence of RBCs,  WBCs, renal tubular cells, and casts. 5. Dialysis is used for end-stage-renal disease patients. Kidney transplantation is a surgical  placement of a donor kidney into a patient with irreversible renal failure. 6. Nephrosis-Signs and Symptoms: bloody urine, loss of appetite, pale skin, puffiness  around eyes, swollen ankles, weight gain, lethargy/depression, pelvic pain, hypertension, tests  can reveal high levels of albumin, lipids in urine. Caused by excessive loss of protein. It may 
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Chapter 11 - ThienyNguyen ProfessorBush MEDA115 28April2011...

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